Hausar Masu K’wallon K’afa A Cikin Garin Kano (3)

https://www.amsoshi.com/tuntubi-masu-gudanarwa/

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USMAN ADAM ROGO


 


KUNDIN DIGIRI NA FARKO WANDA AKA GABATAR A SASHEN NAZARIN HARSUNAN NIJERIYA, JAMI’AR USMANU ‘DANODIYO, SAKKWATO


 



BABI NA BIYU


BITAR AYYUKAN DA SUKA GABATA



2.0    Shimfid’a


Wannan bincike zai duba wasu ayyuka da suka gabata masu alak’a ta k’ut-da-k’ut da wannan bincike, domin yin hakan zai taimaka wajen samar wa wannan bincike alk’ibla sosai da sosai. A wajen wannan bincike, an duba littattafai da kundayen bincike a matakai daban-daban da mak’alu da kuma intanet wajen zantar da bitar. Za a nuna abin da binciken nasu ya gano a tak’aice, tare da nuna inda wannan bincike ya sha bamban da nasu. Wannan bitar za ta kasance kamar haka:

2.1    Ma`anar K’wallon K’afa


K’wallon k’afa wasa ce da ake yi tsakanin ‘bangarori guda biyu, a wani fili murabba`i mai tsarin na musamman bisa k’a`ida. K’ungiyoyin za su rik’a k’ok’arin jefa k’wallo, wacce ake bugawa da k’afa, zuwa cikin ragar abokiyar hamayya domin samun nasara. Wasan yana da k’a`idoji wajen gudanar da shi. Bari a waiwayi abin da masana suka ce kan wasan k’wallon k’afa:

Sil’berman (2008)

Football is a family of team sports that in’bol’be, to ‘barying degrees, kicking a ball with the foot to score a goal.

 

             Fassara

K’wallon na nufin wasa da ake gudanarwa tsakanin k’ungiyoyi guda biyu da ake bugawa da k’afa domin a zura k’wallo a cikin ragar gola.

Lincoln (1998)

 

Football is a game played by two teams of ele’ben players (11) on a rectangular field (100) one by hundred.

 

             Fassara

Wasan k’wallon k’afa nufin wasa da ake gudanarwa tsakanin k’ungiyoyi guda biyu wanda kowannensu ke da `yan wasa goma sha d’aya a cikin fili mai tsayin yadi d’ari d’aya.

https://www.amsoshi.com/2017/09/30/nazarin-takaitawa-sakon-gsm/

Merriam Webster (2004)

Football is any se’beral games played between two teams of a usually rectangular field ha’bing goal posts or goals at each end and whose object is to get the ball o’ber a goal line, into a goal, or between goal posts, by running, passing or kicking.”

 

             Fassara

Wasan k’wallon k’afa na nufin wasa da ake tsakanin k’ungiyoyi guda biyu a cikin babban fili na wasa mai d’auke da gololi biyu da ake son zura k’wallo a cikin ragar gola, ta hanyar gudu da bugawa da kuma mik’awa.

 

Collins, (2012)

Football is a game played by two teams of ele’ben players using a round ball. Players kick the ball to each other and try to score goals by kicking the ball into a large net.

            Fassara

Wasan k’wallon k’afa na nufin wasa da ake gudanarwa a cikin fili da ke da `yan wasa guda sha d’aya, wad’anda za su rik’a bubbugawa tare da mik’a wa junansu k’wallo don su yi k’ok’arin zura k’wallo a cikin ragar gola.

 

Bayan ganin ra’ayoyin ayyukan da suka gabata kan ma’anar k’wallo k’afa a tak’aice, k’wallon k’afa wasa ce da ake yi tsakanin ‘bangarori guda biyu, a wani filin k’wallo bisa wasu k’a’idoji da aka shata, duk wanda ya sa’ba za a hukunta shi. Kowane ‘bangare zai rik’a k’ok’arin jefa k’wallo, wacce ake bugawa da k’afa, zuwa cikin ragar abokiyar hamayya domin samun nasara a k’arshen wasar.

2.2    K’wallon K’afa a Cikin Garin Kano


A wannan ‘bangaren za a yi tak’aitaccen tsokaci ne  kan yadda k’wallon k’afa ta kasance a cikin garin Kano. Tsokacin zai kasance ta hanyar kawo ra’ayoyin masana daga wallafaffun litattafai da kuma tattaunawar da aka yi da ma’abota wasan k’wallon k’afa.

Fagge (2002:134-135), Tarihi ya nuna cewa an fara buga k’wallon k’afa a wani gari da ake k’ira De’bry da ya ke cikin k’asar Ingila a shekara ta (217) masihiyya, wato shekaru aru-aru da suka shud’e. Bayan haka an hak’ik’ance cewa mutum na farko a duniya da ya fara gwada buga k’wallon-k’afa shi ne mai suna Adam, wanda ya buga wata abarba ta yi gari a bakin wani lambu a wannan gari na De’bry. “Wasan k’wallon k’afa da aka fara yi a zamanance, shi ne a k’asar Biritaniya a k’arni na 19. A Biritaniyar ne aka fara tsarawa wasan k’a`idoji a shekarar 1930.”

Wasan ya ci gaba da yad’uwa a hankali a hankali inda a yanzu za a iya cewa ya karad’e kusan duk yankin k’asar Hausa, kuma ya samu kar’buwa musamman a wurin wasu matasa masu sha`awar wasan har ma da masu buga shi, haka kuma ana ta bud’e gidajen kallon wasan k’wallon k’afa a wurare daban-daban da ke cikin garin Kano.

A hirar da na yi da wani matashi mai suna Safiyanu D’an-kulob, ya tabbatar min da cewa, su suna buga wasan k’wallo kusan shekaru talatin da bakwai (37) da ta wuce a garin Kano. Matashin ya nuna cewa kafin su kuma akwai wad’ansu da suka riga su a wajen wasan k’wallo, kamar irin su Muhmud Fele, da Habu Delpiero, da dai sauransu, ya nuna cewa fara wasan k’wallo a garin Kano yana da nasaba da bud’e makarantar boko a 1905 a cewar  (Yahaya, 2002:92). Malamai Turawa irin su Danny, da su Gabriel da sauransu, su ne suka fara buga wasan k’wallon k’afa a makarantar Kano, wato Rumfa College.

A hirar da na yi da malam Audu mai Doya a ranar (19-05-2017) da misalin k’arfe (4pm) na yamma, da Malam Idris Isa (20-05-2017) sun tabbatar min da cewa kafin shekara ta 1980, ba a samu wani gidan kallon wasan k’wallon k’afa ba, wanda ake biya ana shiga domin kallo a garin Kano. Ya nuna cewa tarihin ginuwar gidajen kallo a garin Kano ba zai cika ba in ba a ambaci gudummawar da tashar watsa shirye-shirye ta FREEDOM ta bayar ba. An nuna cewa wannan shi ne gidajen rediyo na farko na gida, da ya fara watsa shirye-shirye na k’wallon Turawa a garin Kano a wajen 1983.

Gidan farko da ake ganin shi ne na farko a garin Kano, shi ne na “Yahsar ‘Biewing Center.” Duk da cewa akwai masu ra`ayin cewa gidan farko na kallon wasan, shi ne “Yahaya Sinima” da kr Farm Center. Wannan kuma ake ganin ya zo bayan wad’ancan, shi ne “Lahai”. Wad’annan gidaje kusan su ne tushe na wanzuwar gidajen kallon wasan k’wallon k’afa a garin Kano. Bincike ya tabbatar da cewa a halin yanzu akwai gidajen kallon wasan wajen guda  270 a cikin garin Kano. Abin da yake sananne shi ne cewa an dad’e ana kallon k’wallo a filayen k’wallo da ke cikin garin Kano kamar dai yadda wancan matashi Safiyanu D’an Kulob ya fad’a. Kallon wasan k’wallon k’afa a gidajen kallo shi ne ya zo daga baya.

https://www.amsoshi.com/2017/09/30/zumuntar-bahaushe-a-zamanin-gsm/

2.3    Hausar Masu K’wallon K’afa


A wannan ‘bangaren za a duba ma’anar  Hausar masu k’wallon k’afa  daga bakin masana kamar haka:

Yahaya, (2012:26) ya ce, Hausar masu k’wallon k’afa Hausa ce da ake samu tsakanin yara ko matasa a yayin buga k’wallon k’afa ko a wurin kallonta. Wato wuri ne da ake zama a kalla sannan kowa ya fad’i albarkacin bakinsa game da wasan da ake gudanarwa ga k’ungiyoyin hamayya. Ma’ana ‘yan adawa a tsakanin k’ungiyoyin nan guda biyu.

Umar da Shehu (2016:135) “Hausar masu k’wallon-k’afa Hausa ce da ake samu a tsakanin matasa a filayen buga k’wallon k’afa, wato wuri ne da ake kira filin wasa, inda ake buga k’wallo a matsayin motsa jiki. Wannan karin harshe yana samuwa ne kafin a fara kallon wasa, inda kowane mai goyon baya zai tofa albarkacin bakinsa a kan yadda wasar za ta kasance. Sai dai, idan an fara kallon wasar, lokaci ne da ake samun tsananin adawa, nuna goyon baya, da rik’a jefa kalaman tsokana ko na wasa kai, musamman idan ana kan nasara. Sai babban lokacin gardandami bayan an gama kallon wasar, wanda ke haifar da hirar k’wallo a duk inda aka ga gungun matasa. Irin wannan lokaci ne magoya bayan k’ungiyoyi da suka fafata ke bayyana ra`ayoyinsu a kan rashin adalcin da aka yi wa wani ‘bangare, ko nuna jin dad’i ko rashin jin dad’in yadda k’wallon ta kaya. Ita ma wannan Hausar masu k’wallon k’afar kamar takwararta da ake yi  filin buga k’wallo, ana samun ma`abota kallon wasar k’wallon k’afa na amfani da ita a cikin maganganunsu na yau da kullum, musamman idan sun had’u da junansu.

A ra`ayin mai rubutu ko bincike, Hausar masu k’wallon-k’afa Hausa ce da ake yi tsakanin magoya bayan kowace k’ungiya da masu kallonta ke so. Sannan kuma kalmominta na iya kasancewa masu harshen damo, domin wasu ma`anoninta kan bambanta da yadda aka san su a harshen Hausa.

https://www.amsoshi.com/tuntubi-masu-gudanarwa/

Nad’ewa


Wannan babi na biyu ya yi bayani ne a kan bitar ayyukan da aka gabatar masu alak’a da wannan bincike. Don haka, a wannan babi an yi bayanin ma`anar k’wallon k’afa da Hausar masu k’wallon k’afa, musamman kamar yadda ayyukan da suka gabata suka zo da su.

 

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