Katsina: Rumfar Hausa, Gamji Matattarar Tsuntsaye

 Amsoshi

 

Daga


 


Aliyu Muhammadu Bunza


Sashen Koyar da Harsunan Nijeriya,


Jami’ar Umaru Musa ‘Yar’adua, Katsina


 


 


Takardar da aka gabatar a taron k’ara wa juna sani na maraba da d’aliban Hausa sababbi na shekarar, 2014, a sashen Hausa na Jami’ar Umaru Musa ‘Yar’adua, Katsina a babban d’akin taro na Tsangayar Fasaha, na Jami’ar ranar Alhamis 14/08/2014 da k’arfe goma na safe (10:00am)


 

TSAKURE


Burin wannan tattaunawa fito da irin gurbin da ke ga Katsina da Katsinawa a farfajiyar karatun Hausa, a duniyar ilimin Hausa jiya da yau. An waiwayi gurbin k’asar Katsina cikin k’asar Hausa da dangantakarta da sauran k’asashen da Hausawa ke bugun gaba da su. An k’yallaro haihuwar boko, da yadda Katsina ta agaza wa nak’udarsa, da kar’bar bik’insa da yayensa. Gudunmuwar fitattun marubutan adabi irin su Alhaji Abubakar Imam da takwarorinsa, da addibbai irin su Shata, an kakka’be mata k’ura. An harari manyan makarantu bakwai da ke agaza wa karatun Hausa a Katsina. Takardar ta yi nazarin yadda Katsina ta k’wace kambun karatun Hausa daga shekarar 1967-2014, a cikin shekarar 1983 da 2010. A duniyar karatun Hausa, Katsina na da jigajigai (12) da muryoyinsu ke yin zara a wannan k’arni. An kakka’be buzun karatun da waigo irin gudunmuwar Jami’ar UMYUK ga k’ara wa Borno dawaki. An nad’e tunanin takardar da kakka’bar gara da waiwayen tarihin tabbatar da kasancewar “Katsina Rumfar Hausa, Gamji matattarar Tsuntsaye”. Fatar takardar ka da Katsina da Katsinawa su bari tutar karatun Hausa ta sha k’ura a hannunsu.

 

Gabatarwa:


Ga al’adar karatu, d’alibinsa ya yi adalci wajen nuna wurin da ya kar’bo shi, da wurin da ake samun sa, shi ne rabin ilmi ga ma’ilmanta, da masu neman ilmi. Na sha tunanin, yadda zan fuskanci Katsina ga d’an karatuna na d’alibi, a kowane gehe na lek’o, sai in ga babu masoka haki. A fagen tsarin shugabanci Katsina, M.G. Smith bai rage abin da d’alibi zai tsinta ba, a ayyukansa biyu, Government in Katsina da The two Katsina. Idan aka hangi Katsina da sauye-sauyenta a zangon tarihi, me Yusuf Bala Usman ya rage da wani d’alibi irina zai hango? Aikinsa Transformation of Katsina dogon kogi ne mai fad’i. Da na tsura wa birnin Katsina ido a ma’aunin al’ada, sai na ga Malam Munnir Mamman ya riga ya share wa Katsinawa hawaye a ayyukansa biyu masu taken: The Emergence of words in Katsina metropolis da Tarihin Unguwanin Birnin Katsina, 2011. Da na la’ba’bo ga irin karamci da na samu ga Katsinawa na Jami’ar Umaru Musa Yar’adua, na fara kakka’be teburin rubutu sai na yi kici’bis da littafin malam Ingawa, Katsina gidan Kara. Da dai na ga babu wata babbar k’ofa sai na ce, ana wata haka, in ji gwanin rawa da ya fad’i. Kai tsaye na yi wa wannan takarda take: Katsina Rumfar Hausa Gamji Matattarar Tsuntsaye.

 

Kwance K’ullin Fitilun Kalmomi:


Na san d’alibai ‘yan’uwana za su so su ji, don me aka yi amfani da kalmomin “rumfa” da “Gamji” da “ Matattara” da “Tsuntsaye”? Rumfa dai ita ce mahuta bayan an motsar da jiki an wahala domin a samu. Rumfa ba domin mutum d’aya aka yi ta ba don kowa da kowa. Katsina wata mahuta ce ga Hausawa da mak’wabtansu da bak’insu na nesa da na kusa. Da gangan na kawo kalmar “Gamji” domin idan ba a samu sukunin yin rumfa ba, gamji na d’auke mata d’awainiyar. Dalilin Bahaushe ke nan da ke cewa: “Gamji babbar inuwa” wanda duk ya ratsi ayyukan da aka yi na tarihi da adabi da walwala da al’ada a kan Katsina, ba zai yi musun kasancewarta “mattatara” ba. A ganin Nufawa, Katsinawa tsuntsaye ne masu wayo “Kenci” ba su ta’ba tabbata a ice/bishiya d’aya. Don haka, suka barbazu uwa duniya, suka bar k’ofofin birninsu a bud’e bak’in arzikin na ta kwarara su amfana a amfana da su. Da fatar an yi wa matambayi susa gurbin k’aik’ayi.

https://www.amsoshi.com/2017/06/17/150/

Mak’asudi:


Babban mak’asudin wannan bincike shi ne, ya lalubo irin rawar da Katsina da Katsinawanta suka taka a fagen raya ilmin karatun Hausa. Wace rawa suka taka tun daga haihuwar boko zuwa yau da muke ciki a ‘bangaren karatun Hausa da harshen Hausa da Hausawa da ya sa aka kod’a birninsu. Rumfar Hausa? Shin gabanin rumfar akwai wata rumfa ko ita ce ta farko? Gagabanin rumfar akwai gamji, ko ita ta ba da damar shuka itacen gamji karatun Hausa a duniyar ilmin Bahaushe? Ban ce na san komai a kan Katsina ba, domin bak’o d’an shekara hud’u a gari bai isa a ce ya tantance komai sarai a garin ba, sai dai dole bak’o ya gane mai masaukinsa a riwayar ‘Dankadi mai zari da ke cewa:

Jigo   : Mata ta san mijinta

: Ko daji tag gane shi

: Komai taron maza

Yara  : Tana bambanta shi.

Ka da in cika ku da gafara sa, ba ku ga k’aho ba, ga yadda na hangi Katsina a fagen ilmi karatun Hausa.

 

Gurbin K’asar Katsina:


Allah Ya za’ba wa k’asar Katsina wani irin gurbi wanda ya dace da ita. Tana mak’wabtaka da Kano da ake yi wa kirarin Jalla Babbar Hausa. Ta had’a iyaka da k’asar Adar/Marad’i da ake jin daga nan Hausawa suka ‘bullo. Tana da danga da k’asar Zamfara da ake yi wa kirari dandin Hausa. Mak’wabciyar k’asar Zazzau ce a tsohon tarihi. Idan ban yi son kai ba, zan ce daga cikin k’asashen Hausa babu mai irin wannan gurbi a farfajiyar daularsa. Ashe ban yi washi ba idan na kira ta; “rumfar Hausa”.

Abin ban sha’awa, Kano da ta yi ficen bunk’asa a tarihi Katsina ta ba ta tsaro ku binciki tarihin ‘Danwaire. K’asar Kabi da ke bugun gaba da sarki Kanta Kotal, a Katsina aka auro mahaifiyarsa. Gobirawa da ke ganin da su da mutuwa uwa d’aya, Katsina ta koyar da su sanin dabarun yak’i, ko kun manta da, “A mazaya...”.

K’asar Nufe da ke garkuwar k’asar Hausa a fagen fatauci dole su durk’usa wa Katsinawa. Dakarkari da ke da karin maganar shiga sojan Badakkare, Katsina ce babbar cibiyarsu. Idan za a yi wa tarihi adalci, ba za a musanta cewa, babu k’asa daga cikin k’asashen Hausa da ke da wannan babban gaba irin na Katsina don haka ik’irarina na kiran Katsina “Babban Gamji” ba washi ba ne, karatu ne.

Bincike ya tabbatar da har gobe sarautar Marad’i ana ce da ita “Sarkin Katsina” sarautar cibiyar Zamfara ‘Gusau’ sunanta Sarkin Katsinan Gusau. A tak’aice, kudancin Katsina daga Katsina zuwa Karad’uwa da Zamfara k’asar Kwatarkwashi da Tsafe suna cikin Katsinar Laka. Dukkanin daulolin da muke da su k’asar Hausa, Gobir, Kebbi, Kano, Zazzau, da sauransu babu mai irin wannan babban baki na laso zango uku bayan cibiyar a masarautarsa sai Katsina. Da na harari wannan leshi na k’asar Katsina ban ga na yi cika baki ba da na kira ta “Gamji Matattarar Tsuntsaye”.

 

Haihuwar Boko:


Bature ba da girma da arziki ya kai boko k’asashen da ya mallaka ba. Boko cikin fitina ya zo, tsaitsaye aka kar’be shi, tsaitsaye aka bayar da shi. Manufarsa cusa harshe da al’adu da addinin Yahudu da Nasara a k’asashen da suka mallaka. Duk da haka, Hausawa kan ce, da d’an gari akan ci gari. Da ‘Hausa’ aka fara boko a Nijeriya ta arewa musamman k’asar Hausa. Makarantun boko da suka yi fice a k’asar Hausa su ne: Makarantar Nasarawa, Kano da makarantar Sakkwato 1905 da ta Katsina Middle School, 1922. Da karatu ya fara shiga ran ‘yan makaranta babu littattafan karatu, dole aka shirya gasar neman littattafai. A gasar, 1933 Katsina ta limanci bokon Nijeriya da littafin Ruwan Bagaja na Malam Abubakar Imam. Wannan littafin shi ya kai Katsina da Katsinanci wurin da dugadugan Katsina bai taka ba. Bugu da k’ari littattafan Abubakar Imam Magana Jari Ce 1-3 da K’aramin sani K’uk’umi da Kayi ta Karatu da Ka K’ara Karatu, su suka fara fitar da karatun Hausa a duniyar ilmi. Da wad’annan karatun Hausa ya samu kar’buwa a ilmin boko, duk wani masani da malamin Hausa da bazarsu yake taka rawa. A iya sanina ya zuwa yau, ba a yi kwatankwacin su ba. Na yarda da ‘Dan’anace da ya ce:

Jagora         : Mai son miya ya auri tsohuwa

: Mai son shimfid’a ya auri budurwa

: Mai son d’an k’warai ya auri isassa.

Takwaransa a fagen rubutun wak’ok’i ya ce:

 

A nemo manya al’amarin da yai tsawo

Zaman babban yatsa ko ba ta cin tuwo

Ta iya ‘bare malmala.

(Wak’ar Siyasa, A.M. Bunza 1997).

 

Har gobe, masana adabin Hausa suna bugun gaba da Iliya ‘Dan Mai K’arfi na Amadu Ingawa. Za’bi Naka na Munir Mamman ba k’aramar rawa ya taka ba. Turmin ‘Danya da Tura Ta Kai Bango, na Suleman Ibrahim Katsina sun cancanci yabo. Ibrahim Sheme, ba k’aramar gudumuwa ya bayar ba a cikin littafin ‘Yar Tsana ba. Bilkisu Funtuwa, ta fito da ‘Ya’yan Hutu da Mugun Zuma da Duniya Rawar ‘Yanmata. Wad’annan rubuce-rubuce a ko’ina ake nazarin Hausa a binciken Hausa da koyar da Hausa za a ga a kan gaba suke. Don haka suka zama wata azara ko ginshik’i ga rumfar da Abubakar Imam ya hak’a. Idan Katsina ta kasance haka a nazarin Hausa, to a yi wa Narambad’a d’a’a:

Jagora  : Shigifa in babu azara

: Kuma babu ginshik’i

: Ai kun san sai ta tud’e

:  Mi ak’ k’arfin shigifa

:  Ba su ba?

Gindi    :  Na yaba ka da girma Abdu k’anen Maidaga

:  Kan da mu san kowa

:  Kai mun ka sani Sardauna.

 

Adabin Baka:


Da aka fara karatun Hausa da Adabin Baka aka fara share fage domin shi ya haifar da rubutacce. A tunanin d’aliban tarke adabi sun ce, wak’a tafi amo da shahara da shiga zuciyar ma’abuta adabi. A nan, Katsina ta yi tsayin daka na ganin ta zama rumfar Hausa. Da an ce wak’a in an kawo sunnan Alhaji Muhammadu Shata Katsina dole a yi shiru mak’ok’o ya fito a bakin zabiya. Abin ban sha’awa, mafi yawan mawak’an baka irin su Kurna, Narambad’a, Alu ‘Dandawo, Salihu Jankid’i, Sarkin Taushin Sarkin Katsina, ‘Dank’wairo, Gero Zarto, Sa’idu Faru, da suka yi fice a wak’ok’in fada, duk a gidajen suka rasu a nan aka rufe su. Alhaji Muhammadu Shata  kawai aka kai gidan uban gidansa (Mai daura) aka rufe shi. Wannan wani tarihi ne na karatun Hausa da babu wanda ya gabaci Katsinawa da shi. A gai da Narambad’a da cewa:

Jagora         : ‘Dan bajimi shi ka zama bajimi,

: Yai bobakali yai tozo

: ‘Dan akuya na kallo.

Gindi          : Na yaba ka da girma

: Audu k’anen Maidaga

: Kan da mu san kowa kai mun ka sani Sardauna.

 

Karatun Hausa A Katsina:


Sanin asalin rumfar da Katsina ta yi wa karatun Hausa a arewa, ya sa na ga ya kyautu a k’yallaro wannan bagiren. Bayan makarantun Firamare da na gaba da su da ake karatun Hausa akwai makarantun ilmi mai zurfi da Hausa ta baje kolinta a ciki irin su:

  1. Jami’ar Umaru Musa Yar’adua Katsina

  2. Jami’ar Musulunci ta Katsina



  • Federal College of Education, Katsina



  1. College of Education Dutsin-ma

  2. Bala Usman College of Legal Studies, Daura

  3. Katsina Polytechnic



  • Federal University, Katsina (Muna Fata)


Jami’ar (UMYUK) da FCE, Katsina suna ba da digirin Hausa. Jami’ar Musulunci an saka Hausa cikin darussanta. Sauran kuwa suna ba da shaidar NCE, Federal University, muke fatan a bud’e sashen domin ‘barin waina/ masa cikin zuma ba ‘banna ba ne. A nan kad’ai za mu ga cewa, Katsina ta d’aure wa Hausa gindi har da wuya domin yanzu haka, ma’aikatar kulawa da ilmin Jami’a ta ba da izinin a fara babban digiri M.A. da M. Phil da Ph.D a Jami’armu. Wannan ya sa Katsina ta zama ta (4) a Jami’o’in duniya da ake koyar da Hausa.

 

Muryar Katsina a Duniyar Karatun Hausa:


Idan an ce duniyar karatu, da an kai Jami’a an kai sin-waw-raa-taakuri in ji Bagarden allo. A tsarin ilmin Jami’a da alk’alami da littafi da kujera da allo da allin karatu ba su kai k’ima da darajar digirin First Class ba. A d’an nawa tunanin ya kyautu a kira ta “Fintinkau” domin ita ce kan takardar kowa baya yake. A irin tsarinmu na Jami’a, ba a bayar da ita sai ga d’alibin da aka tabbatar da cewa, ko an daka cikin turmi da su cikin masu fita. Ka ce, Shata a fagen wak’a ko Shago a fagen dambe, ko Dak’k’wale a wasan Tauri, ko ‘Dantagaro a filin sata, ko Muhammadu Duguru a sana’ar gini, ko ‘Dantata a zancen kud’i, ko ka ce Fir’auna a fagen mulki, ko Manzo Muhammadu (SAW) a gurbin Annabawa. Mai digirin “Fintinkau” haka haskensa ke bayyana a cikin tsara.

A tarihin karatun Hausa na duniyar Hausawa, Bakatsine ya fara kar’bar wannan digiri a birnin Kanawa, Jalla Babbar Hausa, a Jami’ar Bayero Kano, 1983. Sunan Shagon, Malam Aminu Lawal Auta Katsina. Ya yi digirin M.A 1986, PhD, 2008. Abu Kaman k’addara in ji Buzu da ya sha kayen rak’umi, sai ga shi, an bud’e Jami’ar Umaru Musa Yar’adua, 2006. A shekarar 2010 ta yaye d’alibanta na farko. A sashen Hausa wani ‘Dandunawa ya sake bayyana mai suna Abdurrahman Faruk ya yi wa digirin “Fintinkau” zama d’aya kamar yadda bak’auye ke yi wa busasshen biredi. A kula da wad’annan jawabai:

  1. An fara karatun Hausa a Nijeriya a 1967

  2. Yau shekaru Arba’in da bakwai 47 ana karatun Hausa a Nijeriya



  • Jami’o’in da suka yi fice da karatun Hausa, ABU, BUK, UDUS da Maiduguri



  1. Daga 1967-2014 digirin Fintinkau biyu (2) kwai aka samu a duniyar bokon arewa kuma wad’annan buwayayyin duk Katsinawa ne.


Idan dai aka d’ebe k’yashi da hassada. Da Hausa addini ne, to, Katsina annabinsa yake. Idan kuwa wata k’asa ce, Katsina shugaban k’asa yake. Idan kuwa mun ce, harshe ne, kuma ilmi ne, dole mu aminta da cewa, Katsina ce rumfar da za a je a baje kolin litattafan karanta shi domin can kanbum yake har yanzu babu wanda ya k’wato shi. Wayyo! Na so Katsinawa ku ba ni dama mu yi bitar karatun nan na Narambad’a:

 

Jagora         : Amadu dubi mazan gaba

: Dubi na baya

 

Yara           : Ka duba dama ka duba hauni

: Ka san jama’ar ga da an nan

 

Yara           : K’yauye da birni ba su da jigo sai kai,

Jagora         : Mad’i bai kai ga zuma ba

Yara           : Kowal lasa shi ka hwad’i

Yara           : Kwandon wake

: Bai kai ga damen gero ba

Jagora         : ‘Dan akuya ko ya yi k’ahoni

Yara           : Ya san bai yi kamar rago ba

 

Jagora         : Duk wada d’an sarki

: Yak k’asara

Yara           : Kak ka raba shi

: Da bawan sarki

 

Gindi          : Gogarman Tudu jikan Sanda

: Maza su ji tsoron d’an maihausa

 

Jigajigan Katsina A Duniyar Karatun Hausa:


A fagen karatun Hausa a Jami’o’inmu za mu ga Katsina ba wai ba ce. Abin ban sha’awa, masana Hausa na Katsina ka ce za’ba mata aka yi a fannonin da suka shahara. A ‘bangarorin karatun Hausa uku ga yadda Katsina ta yi rumfa Hausa ta zauna ta huta:

 

Harshe:

Farfesa Isma’il Junaidu (Abuja)

Farfesa Munir Mamman ABU, Zaria

(Marigayi) Dr. Wurma ABU, Zaria

Dr. Aminu Galadima ‘Batagarawa, UMYUK

Dr. Tanimu ‘Yar’adua (BUK)

 

Adabi:

Dr. Aminu Lawal Auta (Fintinkau) BUK

Farfesa Ibrahim Aliyu Malumfashi, KASU, Kaduna

Dr. Mustapha Safana, UMYUK

 

 

Al’ada:

Dr. Ahmad Magaji, BUK

Dr. Bashir Sallau Sarkin Aska, UMYUK

 

Wasan Kwaikwayo:

Malam Adamu Ibrahim Malumfashi,

Dr. Ahmed ‘Danmaigoro FCT Katsina,

 

Farfesa Isma’il Junaidu shi ne garkuwansu.  Duk da haka, a cikin masana ilmin harsuna na Hausa Farfesa Munir na d’aya daga cikin masananmu masu hannu duka dama. Ya san harshen Larabci, ya san Turanci, ya san Hausa kuma ga shi da shahadar koyar da ilmin (education). Bugu da k’ari, marubuci ne sosai, yanzu haka litattafansa uku suna shawagi hannun makaranta. Idan dai za a yi bayanin adalci daga cikin farfesoshinmu na adabi. A fannin rubuce-rubucen k’agaggun labaru, dole a cire hula idan an ambaci Ibrahim Aliyu Malumfashi. A fagen, a yanzu, ba ya da takwara, babu k’ani, babu abokin wasa. Don tsananin wayon Bakatsine, sai ya dafa kafad’ar barden Hausa Alhaji Abubakar Imam, ya yi PhD a kan ayyukansa. Dole a girgiza wa Limamin makarantar Malam Bambadiya a duniyar yanar gizo. A fagen al’ada Dr. Ahmad Magaji Malamin Malammai ne. Su dukkansu, Malam Adamu Ibrahim Malumfashi shi ya shayar da su mama. Wanda duk ya kar’bi shahad’ar Hausa Jami’ar ABU, ya ce bai san Malam Adamu ba, ban ga dalilin rashin k’aryata shi ba. A iya sanina a yau, a duniyar karatun Hausa, babu malami k’wararre a wasan kwaikwayo kamar sa. Idan aka harari d’an li’irabina da kyau za a tabbatar da cewa a fagen karatun Hausa Katsina da Katsinawa suna hawan doron tunanin ‘Dan’anace ga Shago:

 

Jagora         : Wanda bai ga damben Shago ba

: Na da sauran kallo

: Ya za ka duniya kamar bai zo ba,

: Kamar zuwan kare ga aboki

: Ko ya k’aura ba a gafarta mai

(Wak’ar shago).

 

Rawar Jami’ar Umaru Musa ‘Yar’adua:


Wannan Jami’ar ta taimaka wa karatun Hausa ba ga bunk’asa kawai ba, ta ba shi martabar da ba a ta’ba ba shi ba a tsawon shekara 47 da ake koyar da Hausa. Da farko dai, da aka bud’a ta da Hausa aka bud’a tattare da sanin ana mak’wabtaka da Jami’o’i uku da suka yi fice a Hausa. Na biyu, shugabannin Jami’ar tun kafa ta ya zuwa yau, sun bai wa Hausa damar bunk’asa da mamaye duk sassan da ake karatun Hausa a duniyar  zamaninmu. Za a tabbata haka idan aka dubi jerin masana da malaman da suka yada zango a Jami’ar da sunan koyarwa kamar haka:

Farfesa Lawal ‘Danladi Yalwa

Farfesa Isa Mukhtar

Farfesa Sa’idu Gusau

Farfesa Ahmad Baba Tela

Faefesa Muhammad Lawal Aminu

Farfesa Haruna Abdullahi Birniwa

Farfesa Ibrahim Aliyu Malumfashi

Farfesa Munir Mamman

Farfesa Salisu Ahmad Yakasai

Farfesa Atiku Dunfawa

Farfesa Aliyu, Muhammad Bunza,

Malam Adamu Mulumfashi

Dr. Aminu Lawal Auta

Dr. U.U. Fage

Dr. Ummu Ado Abbas

Dr. Ahmad Magaji

Dr. Ahmad ‘Danmaigoro

Dr. Magaji Tsoho Yakawada

Dr. Ibrahim Tsoho Yakawada

Dr. Ibrahim S.S

  1. Wurma


Tattare da kasancewar Jami’ar Umaru ‘yar Jinjira idan aka auna nauyin malamanta na Hausa za a ga abin ba da wasa aka assasa shi ba. Malaman Hausa na sangaron daban-dabn na koyon Hausa a Jami’ar su ne:

  1. Bashir Aliyu Sallau (Sarkin Aska) BA,MA,PhD (BUK) - Culture

  2. Aminu Galadima ‘Batagarawa BA, (ABU) MA (UDUS) PhD (ABU) - Language

  3. Almustapha Shu’aibu Safana. BA, MA, (UDUS) Phd (DUK) - Literature

  4. Malam Sirajo Ibrahim, BA, MA (UDUS) - Language

  5. Bashir Abu Sabe BA, MA, (UDUS) (Ph.D in progress Cairo) - Literature

  6. Ado Abdulrahaman BA,(BUK) MA (UDUS) (Ph.D in progress Cairo) - Culture

  7. Malama Zainab Isa BA, MA, (ABU) - Literature

  8. Malama Salima Sulaiman, BA, (ABU) - Language

  9. Malam Abdulk’adir ‘Dan Alhaji BA,MA (ABU) - Language

  10. Malam Abdulrahman Faruk BA, (UMYUK) 1st class – Literature

  11. Malam Aminu Ibrahim, BA,MA(UDUS) - Culture

  12. Malam Murtala Adamu, BA, (BUK) MA (ABU) - Literature


 

Daga cikin malaman goma sha biyu da muke da su, uku suna da digirin Ph.D, takwas na da digirin MA, d’aya yana da Fintinkau kuma yanzu haka yana MA a UDUS. Haka kuma, uku ne fannin al’ada, hud’u a harshe, hud’u a adabi. Hak’ik’a tsarin malaman da fannoninsu ya yi tangam mai zuwa Haji ya gamu da Annabi (SAW). Tirk’ashi! Lallai Katsina rumfar Hausa ce. Da na k’ara duba diddigin asalin malaman na ga duk Katsinawa ne. Ta tabbata Katsina rumbu ce a Hausa. Ina za a ce an garwaya su da Bakano d’aya, Bazazzagi d’aya, Basakkwace d’aya, da Bakabe d’aya da dole a nan ta amsa kirarinta gamji matattarar tsuntsaye.

 

MALAMAI MASU ZIYARA



  1. Farfesa Manir Mamman

  2. Farfesa Ibrahim Aliyu Malumfashi

  3. Farfesa Lawal ‘Danladi Yalwa

  4. Farfesa Aliyu M. Bunza.

  5. Aminu Lawal Auta

  6. Ummu Ado Abbas


Ina tabbata muku, babu Jami’ar da ake karatun Hausa a duniya da ta samu albarkar malamai masu ziyarar koyarwa irin tamu. Wannan Wani k’arin armashi ne ga karatumu da takardun shaidar da ake bayarwa a nan. A ganina, yana d’aya daga cikin dalilan da su ka sa yaron da ya ci digirin “Fintinkau” aka ce, a tabbatar da ita, domin ya sha nonon Farfesa goma sha d’aya da daktoci goma. Don haka, babu sauran kukurunkudu Inyamiri ya harbe kurciya. Jerin tsarin masanan da suka yada zango Jami’ar Umaru ya cancanci a kira Katsina da Jami’ar “Rumfar Hausa”. Na tabbata Katsina gamji ce matatarar tsuntsaye, domin duk wani masani ya yi k’oto, a nan zai zo ya yi tuk’e. Bugu da k’ari, Jami’ar UMYUK tana da mujallun bincike guda uku da kowanensu yana maraba da takardun bincike da aka rubuta cikin Hausa.

  • ‘Danmasani Journal. International Journal of Islamic Culture and Heritage. Faculty of Humanity, UMYUK.

  • Himma Journal. Sashen Nazarin Harsunan Nijeriya, UMYUK

  • Taguwa Journal. Faculty of Humanities, UMYUK.

  • Alhikma Journal. Islamic StudiesDepartment, UMYUK.

  • Jagora Journal. Journal of Languages, School of Languages Isah Kaita College of Education, Dutsin-Ma.

  • Garuruwan Jihar Katsina, Hukumar Binciken Tarihi da Al’adu, Jihar Katsina.


 

Rumfar Katsina ga Hausawa:


Ban ce, ina yarda da dukkanin abubuwan da masana tarihi da al’ada da walwala suka ce game da asalin Hausawa ba. Rashin yardata ba hujja ba ce, amma kuma hankalin karatu na alalin Bahaushe dole ya ta’bo:

  • Daura, wadda Hausawa ke yi wa kirari, tushen Hausa. Komai raunin tarihin Daurama yana nan a kundace, da duk aka lalubo asalin Bahaushe sai an kakka’bo shi. Da an kakka’bo shi dole a ambaci katsina.

  • Ba ni cikin wad’anda suka yi imani da zuwan Bayajida shi ne asalin Hausawa. Duk da haka, ban musanta kayan tarihin da ke rijiyar kusugu ba, kuma ban k’aryatar da ziyarar Bayajida a k’asar Katsina ba.


Sarautar  Daurama tana da alak’a da sarautar Sarauniya Amina ta Zazzau da Inna ta Gobir da Magajiya da ake nad’a wa k’asashen Hausa daban-daban, wanda ya haifar da Karin magana, aikin Magaji ba ya hana na Magajiya. Wannan duk, wata rumfa ce Katsina ta yi na zaunawa a huta, a sake bitar asalin Bahaushe da harshensa. A kowace fuska aka d’auko tarihin Bahaushe, a kan kowane irin rai za a d’ora shi Katsina ba ta k’yalle.

https://www.amsoshi.com/2017/06/21/aladun-wankan-amarya-kasar-gobir-jiya-da-yau/

Rumfar Katsina ga Addinin Bahaushe:


A tarihin addinan gargajiya Katina ta agaza wajen adana al’adu na Bahaushe a da, da suka zama wani furen kallon hasashen addinan da suka ratsa k’asar Hausa. A gargajiyance, k’asar Mulumfashi da Kainafara Arnan Birci da Matsafar Jino ta K’asar K’ank’ara wasu taskoki ne ga k’asar Hausa da masu karatun Hausa. Matsafar Jino matattarar Kabawa da Gobirawa da Katsinawa da sauran mak’wabta ce. An ce, ita ce tushen kafa garin “Acida” na cikin jihar Sakkwato.

A fagen saukakkin addinai, idan aka dubi tarihin huld’ar Katsina da k’asashen waje, tun gabanin k’arni na sha tara akwai abin cewa. Ga alama, huld’ar kasuwanci Katsina da k’asashen Larabawa ya yi sanadiyyar shigowar addinin Nasara da Yahudu.

Binciken da Babajo ya yi (2012) da na Shobhana Shaukar, Christian Origins in Muslim Northern Nigeria, (c. 1890-1975) da aka wallafa (2014) sun tabbatar da haka. Ke nan, rubutun boko da Hausar boko sun riga karatun boko shigowa birnin Katsina. Tarihin Musa Aya da ke Liverpool, a Ingila, ya tabbatar da wanzuwar rubutun boko a Katsina tun gabanin k’arni na sha tara. Musa Aya madugun cinikin bayi ne da ya makara a liverpool, Ingila. Na shaidi kayayyakinsa da na je can.

Babu wani masani da zai tantance lokacin da aka fara rubutun ajami a Katsina. A duniyar Bahaushe, da an ambaci Bahaushe a kan Ilmin addini dole a gabatar da Wali ‘Danmasani da Wali ‘Danmarina. Wad’annan Katsinawa ne, kuma su suka mamaye k’asar Hausa. Duk da yake ba a taskace tarihinsu da kyau ba, kamar yadda aka yi wa na Kano Tarikh Man bi Kano Min Auliya’il Laahi na Hausai Baukar Adakawa, ba. Husmiyyar Masallacin Gobarau ya isa zama cewa Katsina rumfa ce ga k’asar Hausa da Hausawa.

Babu abin da ke hana wa harshen salwanta kamar rubuta. Katsinawa suka fara yi wa Hausa agaji da rubutu da harufan boko. Gare su aka fara adana ajami ta fuskar fatauci. Abin ban sha’awa, a Katsina aka fara fito da wani sabon salon rubutun Hausa, wai shi Rubutun Tafi. Watak’ila, wanda ya jahilci abin zai ga wata rigima ce aka jawo ta mayar da gaba baya. Da na sa natsuwa na karanta aikin sosai, na ga wata lamba ce aka k’ara wa Bahaushe daga cikin lambobin daraja ga harshensa da mutuncinsa. Ala tilas mu girgiza wa Injiniya ga wannan k’ok’arin.

 

Sake Kafa Tutar Katsina a Duniyar Karatun Hausa


Idan muka yi la’akari da ‘yan abubuwan da aka tattauna za a ga Katsina na buk’atar Katsinawa su sake zama su kare ta. Ta da harshen da ya fi Hausa amo. Karin harshenka aka fara rubutun Hausa da shi duniyar ilmi ta Hausawa. Karin harshen Katsina ya fara wanzuwa a karatun Hausa, don haka babu yadda za a salwantar da shi komai kishin mai kishi. Lokaci ya yi ga Katsinawa su kafa wata babbar gidauniya ta:

  • Fassaro dukkan ayyukan da aka yi a kan Katsina daga wasu harsuna (Turanci da Faransanci da Larabci) zuwa Hausa. Manyan ‘yan boko Katsina da suka yi kundayen digirinsu na uku PhD a kowane fanni, a zauna a fassara su zuwa Hausa yadda Bahaushen Katsina zai amfana da su.

  • A yi tunanin sake taron masana na musamman a yi bitar asalin Hausa da harshensu.

  • A tabbata Jami’ar Tarayya ta Dutsin-ma ta bud’a Sashen Hausa domin Katsina ce cibiyarta, ya kyauta a ce ta amfani cibiyarta fiye da yadda za a amfanar da ‘yan ci rani.


(iv)    ‘Daliban Hausa na NCE da BA da MA da MPh da phD a rik’a yi musu tallar Katsina a k’udurin kundayen bincikensu. Yin haka zai k’ara amfanar da Katsina da Katsinawa ga cibiyoyin karatu da aka girke farfajiyar k’asarsu.

 

Kashedi


‘Daliban nazari da karatu da Hausa, mai t5unanin Hausa ta takkwallai ce, don haka ya zo a ba shi takkwalin digiri, ya sake shawara zomo ba ya kamuwa daga kwance. Mai ganin ya zo sashen Hausa ya kwashi ‘bagas ya yi tattara, kowa ya ci zomo ya ci gudu. Mai ganin ya rasa abin da zai yi, ya zo ya yi Hausa, ya yi ‘batan ‘bakatantan ba ya ga tsuntsu ba ya ga tarko. Mai zaton ba sai ya yi karatun harshen iyayensa zai ci jarabawa ba me ya raba shi da gidansu? Ya zauna can mahaifansa su ba shi shahada ya kai gwamnati ta ba shi aiki. Fatarmu samun d’alibai da ke sha’awar karatun harshenmu hazik’ai da za mu yaye su ba duniya mamaki. Ba mu ce, mun fo kowa ba, amma babu shakka, ba mu ga karatun da ya fi namu ba, a bokon da ake yi duniya.

 

Sakamakon Bincike


Binciken ya yi nasarar yi wa Katsina kallon tsafta ta fuskar fice da zara da ta yi a duniyar karatun Hausa. Bisa ga hasashe-hasashen da takardar ta yi a gurguje, mun gano abubuwa kamar haka:

  • Katsina ba rubuta adabi kad’ai ta tara ba, ita ke da gwarzon da ya yi na d’aya a duniyar bokon Nijeriya gaba d’aya Alhaji Abubakar Imam, da littafinsa Ruwan Bagaja, 1933 (Yau shekarunsa tamanin. Babu littafin adabi na Afirka ta Yamma da ke da shekarun. An yi bukin tabbatar da haka a UMYUK, 2014.

  • Tsawon shekara arba’in da bakwai na karatun Hausa a duniyar ilmi, Katsina ce ta farko da samun d’alibai masu digirin Fintinkau (First Class) Aminu Lawal Auta BUK, 1983 da Abdulrahman Faruku, UMYUK, 2010.

  • A fagen wak’ok’in baka ana ganin Katsina ba ta da na biyu, da an ce Shata an rufe k’ofa. Cikin mawak’an baka shi aka fara rubuta digirin PhD a kansa. Bugu da k’ari, shi ne kad’ai makad’in da aka rufe a gidan uban gidansa. Haka kuma littafin Ruwan Bagaja ne na farko da aka fara yin digirin PhD a kansa daga cikin zuben Hausa da muke da su.

  • A tarihin Nijeriya ta arewa Katsina kad’ai ke da sarutar Sarkin Yak’in Hausa da Walin Hausa da Sarkin Tarihin Hausa (Daura). Ita kad’ai ke da gari mai taken tushen Hausa “Daura”.

  • Jami’ar (UMYUK) ita ce ta hud’u a martabar karatun Hausa a duniya. Ita ce ta d’aya a fannin kar’bar bak’uncin masana maziyarta. Ta kar’bi bak’uncin fiye da Farfesa 15, wanda shi ne sanadiyyar samun digirin Fintinkau a shekarar 2010.


 

Nad’ewa


An takura ni k’warai da ba ni k’urarren lokaci daga jiya Laraba zuwa yau Alhamis 13/03/2014 na gabatar da bincike mai ma’ana. A d’an rangadin da wannan takarda ta yi, a duniyar karatun Hausa Katsina ce gamji. Irin gudummuwar da ta bayar ya sa na kira ta “Rumfar Hausa” A yau 2014, Gwamnan Jihar Katsina, kad’ai ake kira da Sarkin Yak’in Hausa. Haka kuma, shi ne Sarkin Fulanin Zamfara domin asalinsa Bajagwade ne daga garin Shema K’aramar hukumar Suru, Jihar Kabi, Muhammadu Shata kuwa, daga Sanyinna ta Sakkwato. Janar Buhari daga Borno. Fitattun gidaje irin su gidan Malam Sallau Kumasi sun yi fice a wajen Katsina, su suka wayar da Asante, garin Gamaiji da sarautun gargajiya na Ghana Katsinawa suka assasa su. Larabawa na Alwajad irin su Abu Algais jikokinsu suka haskaka katsina. Fitattun Unguwanni irin su Farin ‘Dadi da Albaba da Tanatinke da ‘Yansiliyu Larabawan Gat da Gadamus da Insala suka share musu wurin zama. Fitattun k’wararru a Katsina sun kai suna Katsina wajen k’asar Hausa. k’wararru daga wajen Hausa sun yada zango a Birnin Katsina. Wannan shi ya d’aukaka Katsina da Katsinawa da harshen Hausa, Hausa ta samu babbar Rumfa a Katsina.

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