Hausa Language Academic Website

Friday, 26 January 2018

Kwatanci Na Kamanci Da Bambanci Tsakanin Jimlar Tambaya Da Jimlar K’orewa Ta Hausa Da Ta Fulatanci (5)

 

 

https://www.amsoshi.com/game-da-mu/

NA


DAYI RILWANU


 


KUNDIN NEMAN DIGIRIN FARKO (B.A. HAUSA) DA AKA GABATAR A SASHEN HARSUNAN NIJERIYA TSANGAYAR FASAHA DA ILIMIN ADDININ MUSULUNCI JAMI’AR USAMANU ‘DANFODIYO SAKKWATO


https://www.amsoshi.com/tuntubi-masu-gudanarwa/

 

BABI NA UKU


KAMANCI DA BAMBANCI NA JIMLAR TAMBAYA DA KOREWA TA HAUSA DA TA FULATANCI (FULFULDE)


3.0     SHIMFID’A


A babi na biyu da ya gabata an yi bayani kan ma’anar jimlar Hausa da yadda masana suka kalle ta da rabe-rabenta wato jimlar tambaya da jimlar korewa da sassauk’ar jimla da jimlar umurni, haka kuma, an bayar da ma’anar jimla a harshen Fulatanci da yadda ita ma masana suka kalle ta. A wannan babin na uku kuma, za a nuna irin kamanci da bambanci da ake samu a tsakanin jimlar tambaya da jimlar korewa ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde). Sannan kuma a waiwayi kowace jimlar ta kowane harshe tsakanin harsunan biyu domin gano irin kamancin da bambanci da ake iya samu tsakanin su.

3.1     KAMANCI NA JIMLAR TAMBAYA TA HAUSA DA TA FULATANCI (FULFULDE)


A wannan mataki za a dubi kamanci ne tsakanin jimlar tambaya ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci. Saboda haka yanzu za a d’auki jimla d’aya wato ta tambaya ta Hausa a fed’e ta sannan kuma a d’auki Fulatanci ita ma a fed’e ta domin a fito da kamancin da ke tsakanin su.

Ga misalin jimlar tambaya ta Hausa

  1. ’DWad’ Musa           ya      a                  kaama          ‘D?d’


 

 

k/tm              sn              maf    lokt             Aik             A/tm

Wannan jimla da ke sama wadda aka fed’e, ita ce jimlar tambaya ta Hausa. Ta k’unshi kalmar tambaya a farkonta sai suna da mafayyaci da lokatak’ da aiki, sannan ta k’are da alamar tambaya. Saboda haka yanzu za a d’auki jimlar tambaya ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde), ita ma a fed’e ta domin a fito da kamanci da ake samu ko za a iya samu tsakaminsu. Ga yadda jimlar tambaya ta Fulatanci ta ke kamar haka:

  1. ’DMoyed’ no       n                 Garba          Nanngi        (?)


 

k/tm            maf    lokt               sn             Aik              A/tm

Wannan ita ce jimlar tambaya ta Fulatanci kamar yadda aka gani a sama an fed’e ta. Ita ma ta k’unshi kalmar tambaya a farkonta sai mafayyaci da lokatak’ da suna da aiki, haka kuma ta k’are da alamar tambaya.

https://www.amsoshi.com/2018/01/25/nazarin-zaman-gandu-garin-zazzau-3/

 

 

BAYANAN KAMANCI


A bin lura a nan shi ne kamar yadda aka ga kowace jimlar ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde) a sama yanzu za a yi k’ok’ari a fito da kamancinsu kamar haka:

  1. Jimlar tambaya ta Hausa tana son kalmar tambaya ta zo a gaban jimla kafin suna aikau ya biyo baya. Haka jimlar tambaya ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde), kalmar tambaya takan zo a gaban jimla kafin suna aikau ya biyo baya.

  2. Jimlar tambaya ta Hausa ana son alamar tambaya ta zo a k’arshen jimlar. Haka jimlar tambaya ta Fulatanci ita ma an fi son ta k’are da alamar tambaya a k’arshenta.



  • Jimlar tambaya ta Hausa tana d’auke da suna a cikinta da mafayyaci da lokatak’ da aiki. Haka a jimlar tambaya ta Fulatanci tana d’auke da suna a cikinta da mafayyaci da lokatak’ da kuma aiki.


Wannan shi ne tak’aitaccen bayani na kamanci kan abin da ya shafi jimlar tambaya na harsunan biyu

3.2     BAMBANCI NA JIMLAR TAMBAYA TA HAUSA DA TA FULATANCI (FULFULDE)


A wannan mataki kuma, an dubi irin bambancin da ake iya samu tsakanin jimlar tambaya ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde), domin a ga yadda bambancin yake tsakanin harsunan biyu domin inganta harsuna. Ga misali kamar haka:

  1. ’DMed’ Ali     ya      a       kashe           ‘D?d’


 

k/tm            sn      maf   lokt       Aik            a/tm

Wannan jimlar ita ce wadda ake son a yi amfani da ita domin a fito da bambancin da ake iya samu tsakanin jimlar tambaya ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde). Haka kuma za a k’ara d’auko jimlar tambaya ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde) kamar yadda za a iya ganinta a k’asa.

  1. ’DKoyed’ no      n                 Ali     Nyamata     ‘D?d’


 

K/tm           maf    lokt             sn          aik          A/tm

Wad’annan su ne jimloli na harsunan biyu da aka gabatar domin a fito da bambanci da ake iya samu a tsakaninsu.

 

 

BAYANIN BAMBANCI


Abin la’akari a nan shi ne kamar yadda aka ga kowace jimla ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde) a sama saboda haka yanzu za a yi k’ok’ari a fito da irin bamnnacin da ake iya samu a tsakanin jimlolin harsunan biyu, kamar haka:

  1. Jimlar tambaya ta Hausa suna ya zo bayan kalmar tambaya, amma jimlar tambaya ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde) suna ya kan zo bayan mafayyaci da lokatak’

  2. Jimlar tambaya ta Hausa mafayyaci da lokatak’ sun zo kafin kalmar aikatau. Amma jimlar tambaya ta Fulatanci mafayyaci da lokatak’ sun zo kafin suna.


Wannan shi ne tak’aitaccen bayani kan abin da ya shafi bambancin da ake iya samu a tsakanin jimlar tambaya ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde) a tak’aice.

https://www.amsoshi.com/2018/01/25/nazarin-zaman-gandu-garin-zazzau-4/

 

3.3     KAMANCI NA JIMLAR KOREWA TA HAUSA DA TA FULATANCI (FULFULDE)


A wannan mataki an d’auki jimlar korewa don a dubi kamanci tsakanin jimlar korewa ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde). Saboda haka yanzu ana ganin ya dace da a gabatar da jimlar korewa na harsunan biyu, domin a ga irin bambancin da ake iya fitowa da shi. Ga misalin jimlar kamar haka:

  1. Ba (baa…..)      =       ‘DBaad’      kud’i a banki

  2. Ba (ba……)      =       Binta ‘Dbad’ ta tafi makaranta ‘Dbad’



  • Ba-i (bai….. ba)  =       ‘DBaid’ da ce a hana bara ‘Dbad’


Wannan shi ne misalin jimlar korewa ta Hausa. Saboda haka yanzu za a kawo jimlar korewa ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde) a kwatanta su domin a ga irin bambancin da za a iya fito da shi a tsakanin jimlolin na harsunan biyu. Ga misalin jimlar korewa ta Fulatanci kamar haka:

  1. Walaa =       Ceedi ‘Dwalaad’ der banki

  2. Ya =       Hajo ‘Dyad’        hayi NJanngirde



  • Hanaa =       ‘DHanaad’ d’un ha d’a tornd’e


Wad’annan sune misalai na jimlar korewa ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde) kamar yadda aka gani a sama.

BAYANIN KAMANCI NA JIMLAR KOREWA TA HAUSA DA TA FULATANCI (FULFULDE)


A wannan mataki na bayanin kamanci za a yi bayanin kamanci ne na jimlolin harsunan biyu, wato harshen Hausa da harshen Fulatanci (Fulfulde), domin a fito a kamancin da ake iya samu a tsakaninsu. Ga bayaninsu kamar haka:

  1. A jimla korewa ta Hausa ana samun korewar jimla gaba d’aya, sannan kalmar korewa a irin wanann korewa ta kan zo a gaban jimla, wani lokaci har a k’arshen jimla. Haka abin yake a jimlar korewa ta Fulatanci, ana samun korewar jimla gaba d’aya, sannan kalmar korewa a irin wannan korewa ta kan zo a gaban jimla, wato kamar yadda ta ke zuwa a jimlar korewa ta Hausa.

  2. A jimlar korewa ta Hausa ana samun korewar sashen jimla a irin wannan korewa kuma, kalmar korewa ta kan zo bayan suna aikau da kuma k’arshen jimla. A jimlar korewa ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde), ita ma ana samun korewar sashen jimla inda kalmar korewa ta zo bayan suna aikau.


Wannan shi ne kamanci da ake iya samu kan abin da ya shafi kamanci na jimlar korewa ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde) a tak’aice.

3.4     BAMBANCI NA JIMLAR KOREWA TA HAUSA DA TA FULATANCI (FULFULDE)


A wannan mataki kuma za a dubi irin bambancin da ake iya samu tsakanin jimlar korewa ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde), domin a ga yadda bambancin ya ke a tsakanin jimlolin harsunan biyu, saboda haka za a d’auki misalan da aka gabatar a farko a yi aikin da su domin a fito da bambancin da ake iya samu a tsakaninsu. Ga misalan kamar haka:

  1. Ba (baa…..)      =       ‘DBaad’      kud’i a banki

  2. Ba (ba……)      =       Binta ‘Dbad’ ta tafi makaranta ‘Dbad’



  • Ba-i (bai….. ba)  =       ‘DBaid’ da ce a hana bara ‘Dbad’


Wad’annan su ne misalan da ake son a yi amfani da su wajen fito da bambancin da ake iya samu a tsakanin jimlar korewa ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde). Haka kuma za a gabatar da jimlar korewa ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde) kamar yadda za aka yi amfani da su wajen fito da bambancin. Ga misalan kamar haka:

  1. Walaa =        cee de ‘Dwalaad’ der banki

  2. Ya =       Hajo   ‘Dyad’ hayi NJangirde



  • Hanaa =       ‘DHanaad’ d’un had’a tornde


BAYANIN BAMBANCI NA JIMLAR KOREWA TA HAUSA DA TA FULATANCI (FULFULDE)


Ta la’akari da fasalin jimlolin da aka yi nazarinsu a wannan kason ana iya lura da yanayin zamantakewar kalmomin jumlolin da irin aikin da kowace kalma take yi a cikin jumlar don bayyana bambancin da ke faruwa a tsakanin harsunan biyu. Ga bambancin kamar haka:

  1. Harshen Hausa na da muhimman kalmomi da ya tanada domin nuna korewar jimla. A cikin kalmomin da Hausa ta fi amfani da su akwai kalmar ‘DBad’ a mafi yawan korewa ta jimla domin nuna korewar. Amma harshen Fulatanci na amfani da kalmomi masu yawa a mafi yawan korewa domin nuna korewa a cikin jimla. Wato kalmomin korewa na Fulatanci suna da yawa.

  2. Hausa kalmar korewa ta kan zo a gaban jimla ko bayan suna aikau ko kuma ta zo a k’arshen jimla. Fulatanci kalmar korewa ta kan zo a farkon jimla ne kawai ko a tsakiya amma ba ta zuwa a k’arshen jimla wato sau d’aya kalmar korewa ta ke zuwa a jimlar korewa ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde).


3.5     NAD’EWA


A wannan babi shi ne babi na uku kamar yadda aka ambata tun farkon babin. Babi ne da aka yi bayanin kamanci da bambanci na jimlar tambaya ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde) da kuma kamanci da bambanci na jimlar korewa ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci (Fulfulde) ta hanyar kawo misalai na jumlolin korewa da na jimlolin tambaya a harshen Hausa da harshen Fulatanci (Fulfulde) domin inganta aiki. A cikin babin na uku wajen bayanin bambanci na jimlar korewa ta Hausa da ta Fulatanci, an nuna cewa Fulatanci (Fulfulde) ba kamar Hausa ba, ba ya da wani bak’i da ya ke’be a mafi yawan korewar jimla. Abin lura a nan shi ne, Harshen Fulatanci yana amfani da kalmomi masu yawa wajen nuna korewa a cikin jimla. A k’arshe an nad’e babin da jawabin kammalawa a tak’aice.




 

https://www.amsoshi.com/tuntubi-masu-gudanarwa/

No comments:

Post a Comment