K’irgau Na Zabarma Da Nau’o’insa (4)

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NA


BASHIRU SHEHU 


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KUNDIN KAMMALA KARATUN DIGIRI NA FARKO                         


  SASHEN NAZARIN HARSUNAN NAJERIYA,                                               


  JAMI’AR USMANU ‘DANFODIYO                                                    


SAKKWATO


 



BABI NA HU’DU


4.1 Kammalawa


Nazari fage ne da masana da manazarta kan yi k’ok’arin binciko wani sabon al’amari da ya shafi rayuwar alumma. Musamman abin da ya shafi bincike kan harshe ko adabi ko al’adun rayuwarsu. Duk al’ummar da ta sami tagomashin gudanar da nazari a kan wad’annan fannunin, ta haka ne za ta sami wata hanya ta ci gaba na rayuwa a kan wasu muhimman abubuwa na rayuwar yau da kullum.

Wannan nazari ya tunkari d’aya daga cikin fannonin da a kan bi don adana wasu mahimman abubuwan cigaba da suka shafi kimiyyar harshe. Nazarin ya za’bi harshen Zabarma ne don binciko irin albarkar da yake da ita a fannin ilimin ginin jimla, musamman yankin suna na jimla inda aka dubi d’aya daga cikin ‘yan rakiyar suna da kan taimakawa suna wajen fad’ad’a don ya zama yankin suna mai d’auka da kalmomin da dama. A tak’aitaccen binciken da nazarin ya gudanar ya gano cewa harshen Zabarma ya da nau’o’in k’irgau guda bakwai. Inda aka yi amfani da harshen Hausa don ya zama ma’aunin gano ire-iren nau’o’in k’irgau da harshe Zabarma yake da su. Harshen Hausa yana da wasu d’e’ba’b’bun nau’o’in k’irgau da harshenZabarma bai da su. Wata k’ila zai yiwu sai an tsananta bincike tukuna za a iya gano tabbacin hakan. Wasu daga cikin nau’o’in da harshe Zabarma bai da su sun had’a da; k’iragau amsa-kama da k’irgau tsigalau. Wannan binciken ba zai iya tabbatar da hakan ba har sai ‘ya’uwana manazarta sun taimaka wajen gano hakan. Harshen Zabarma harshe ne da zai iya rayuwa idan har ya sami gatan masu nazarin sa. Haka kuma yana iya mutuwa idan har aka bar shi kara zube ba tare da nazartar sa ba.

 

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