Harshen Wasa: Tsokaci Daga Shirin Labarin Wasanni Na Gidan Rediyon Bbc (3)

https://www.amsoshi.com/tuntubi-masu-gudanarwa/

NA


ALIYU MUSTAPHA


BABI NA HUDU



NAZARIN HAUSAR SHIRIN LABARIN WASANNI


Samuwar karin harshen Hausa na rukuni wani ingantaccen tsarin kare-kare ne wanda ya yi trasiri sosai a harshen Hausa. Babu ko shakka ire-iren ayi wad’annan kare-kare da rukunonin Hausawa suke sarrafa harshensu ya bada daman haifar da k’irk’ie-k’irk’iren sababbin ma’anoni tare da zuba hikimomi masu ma’ana da kuma k’ayatawa. Sannan kuma masu amfani da ire-iren wad’annan kare-kare hanyoyi masu sauk’i da tsari kuma sukan yi amfani da masu ban sha’awa wajen sarrafa harshen Hausa.

Hausar shirin labarin wasanni cike take da kalmomin Hausar rukunin masu kallon k’wallon k’afa. Shirine da yake nishad’antar da masu sha’awa da kuma sauraro, a dalilin haka ne yasa ake k’irk’ira sababbin kalmomi, da ma’anoni iri daban-daban domin k’ayatarwa da kuma nishad’antarwa. Kamar yadda kowane rukuni na al’umma ke da wani ke’babben karin harshe da wannan al’umma ke amfani da shi wajen sadarwa ko gudanar da harkokinsu na yauda kullum, wanda kuma ba kowa ne zai fahimci ma’anar ire-iren kare-karen harshen ba, face wanda yake cikin wannan al’umma ko rukunin na mutane.

Yanzu ga wasu daga cikin Hausar shirin labarin wasanni:































































 Kalma Ma’ana
1.Lallasa/LallasawaNasar
2.Zura/ZurawaCi
3.Kunnen dokiCanjaras/Daidai
4.Doke/DokewaCin galaba/nasara
5.BogeRashin cancanta/dacewa
6.KontoragiKwangila
7.Ya ‘ballo ruwaYayi kuskure
8.GidauniyaLallasawa (ci uku)
9.Rad’e-rad’eJita-jita
10.KociMai horar da ‘yan wasa
11.KulobWungiya

 

Baya ga Hausar shiin labarin wasanni, rukunin Hausar masu kallon k’wallon k’afa na samar da k’irk’irarrun kalmomi da sunaye ga ‘yan wasa ko k’ungiyoyin ‘yan wasa ta la;akari da yana yinsu, ko siffarsu, da k’wazonsu, da kuma salon yadda suke buga wasanni. Ga misali:

  • Ronaldo - Doki:- wannan d’an wasa ya samu sunanne a sakamakon yadda yake da gudu tamkar doki mai gudun ‘yan tare.

  • Messi - Aljani/Kiriku:- wannan sunnan ya samu ne ta dalinin yadda d’an wasan ke buga k’wallo da zafin nama, ga sauri kamar iska wajen gudu da kuma iya cin k’wallo.

  • Bale - Roba-Roba:- d’an wasan k’ungiyar Real Madrid ne, ya ci wannan sunan ne sabo da jikinsa bashi sa k’wari, abu kad’an ya isa yas shi tafiya injury (watau jinya na tsawan makonni).

  • Kulob d’in ‘Arsenal’: ‘Yan Dakon Kofa:- k’ungiyar ta ci wannan sunan ne sabo da rashi nasarar da suke yi na cin kofin gasa na rukunin Premier League na Ingila.

  • Modrich - Monitor/Monita:- d’an wasan tsakiya ne (Midfielder) n akungiyar Real Madrid a Spaniya. Ana ce mas a’Monita’ domin ya iya rarraba k’wallo ga ‘yan uwansa na kulob, kuma yana tsare muhallin da aka aje shi yadda ya kamata.

  • Kulob d’in Real Madrid - ‘yan Madara:- sunci wannan sunan ne kasancewar kallar kayan buga wasansu farare ne.


Sai kuma k’irk’irarrun kalmomi da aka samar.

Ga ma’anar k’irk’ira a nazarin Harshe da kuma sigarta kamar haka:

 

 

K’irk’ira


An bayayyana k’irk’ira da yanayin k’irk’iro sababbin kalmomi domin amfani ga abubuwa daban-daban. A nan k’irk’ira ta d’an banbanta da aro, domin ita tana iyar shafar kalmomi ‘yan gida ko had’a ka ta wata kalma daban da kuma kalma ‘yar gida.

Dalibai da dama kan haddasa samuwar sababbin kalmomi. Wad’anna dalibai sun had’a da:

  • Tasirin adddinin musulunci

  • Tasirin bak’in al’adu

  • Zamananci ko yayi

  • Fassara


Akan yi amfani da hanyoyi daban-daban domin k’irk’ira k’kalmomi a harshen Hausa:

  • Fad’ad’a ma’anar kalmar asali.


Misali:

  1. Yaji

  2. Jirgi



  • Kumbo

  • Fad’ad’a ma’anar kalmar aro.


Misali:

  1. Pancake-fankeke (Hoda)

  2. Theater-Tiyata (Fid’a/Aiki)



  • K’irk’ira daga kalmomin asali.


Misali:

  1. Tauraron D’an Adam

  2. Kafi zabo



  • K’irk’ira ta had’in gambiza.


Misali:

  1. Lashemoni

  2. Hantsi kwaleji



  • Sarrafa kalmomin aro.


https://www.amsoshi.com/2018/01/12/harshen-wasa-tsokaci-daga-shirin-labarin-wasanni-na-gidan-rediyon-bbc-1/

Misali:













































 Turanci/LarabciSunan k’irk’ira Aikatau
1.KaramKarimiKaramta
2.AssaumAzumiAzumta
3.SalahSallaSallata
4.SetSaitiSaita
5.CopyKwafeKwafa
6.PatchFaciFace

Yakasai, (2005) ya bayyana yadda tasirin wurin zama ke taimaka wajen k’irk’iro sababbin kalmomi domin sadarwa tsakanin al’umma. Ga misali, yanayi da tsarin barikin ciginya ya haifar da samuwar k’irk’irarrun kalmomi kamar haka:
















































 IngilishiHausa
1.As you areAje waya
2.About turnAbatuwa
3.AttentionHad’e-k’afa-caan
4.Wrong/MistakeAllah-ya-isa
5.Tr’beling by planeHau-isaka
6.Bank alertGalan-galan
7.TeargasBarkonon tsohuwa
8.Payment of salaryMotsi

 

Daga bayanan ga suka gabata, mun ga yadda ake samar da k’irk’irarrun kalmomi ta hanyoyi daban-daban. A Hausar rukunin masu kallon k’wallon k’afa kuwa, ana samun k’irk’irarrun kalmomi kamar haka:





















































 KalmaMa’ana
1.Ya cireTakura/Matsuwa
2.‘Yan bak’in gida‘Yan adawa
3.Ya ‘ballo ruwaYayi kuskure
4.FatanSalon dabara
5.GidauniyaLallasawa (ci uku)
6.Sarkin yak’iGwanin k’wallo
7.Ya yi masa tsakiKama ruwa/Zire
8.Yayi mod’iKuskuren bugu
9.Yayi masa o’ber headYankan sama

 

Akwai kuma wasu kalmomin k’wallon k’afa ya yawa da aka fassara daga harshen Turanci zuwa Hausa. Ga misali:











































































































































































































 TuranciHausa
1.Football (Game)K’wallon k’afa
2.BallBal/K’wallo
3.FIFA World CupKofin k’wallon k’afa na duniya
4.K’uarter FinalKwata fainal
5.Semi FinalWasan kusa da k’arshe
6.FinalWasan k’arshe
7.DrawKunnen doki/Canjaras
8.MatchKarawa/Fafatawa
9.CoachMai horar da ‘yan wasa/Koci
10.RefereeRafali/Alk’alin wasa
11.LinesmanMatai makin rafali/Lasman
12.TournamentGasar wassani iri-iri
13.ChampionsZakaran wasa/Zakarun wasa
14.African cup of NationsKofin k’wallon k’afa na k’asashen Afirka
15.Goal-keeperGola/Mai tsaron gida
16.StrikerMai kai hari
17.DefenderDan wasan baya
18.LeagueRukunin gasa
19.Football fanMasu kallon bal
20.TeamK’ungiyar ‘yan wasa
21.PlayerD’an wasa
22.CaptainKyaftin
23.MidfielderD’an wasan tsakiya
24.Score (‘B)Ci/Zuri
25.Score (N)Cin k’wallo/Zurawa
26.Football fieldFilin k’wallo
27.Penalty kickFanareti
28.Red cardKatin kora
29.Yellow cardKatin jan kunne/Ktin kashedi
30.AttackHari
31.GoalGol
32.CupKofi
33.JerseyJesi/Rigar ‘yan wasa
34.Off-sideSatar fage/Ofsaye
35.SubstitutionSauyi/Maye gurbi
36.NetRaga
37.ThrowJifa
38.Direct kickBuga falan d’aya
39.MedalLambar yabo

 

 

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