Yadda Ake Tuwon Shinkafa

Kayan haɗin tuwon shikafa su ne:

i. Man Gyaɗa

ii. Ruwa

iii. Shinkafa

Tuwon shinkafa ya ɗan bambanta da sauran nau’o’in tuwo da aka yi bayani a sama. Domin ita shinkafa ba niƙanta ake kaiwa ba. Sannan ba a surfe shinkafa kamar sauran nau’o’in hatsi. Yayin samar da tuwon shinkafa, ana gyara shinkafar ne kawai. Wato dai za a tsince ta sannan a wanke. Akwai nau’in shinkafar da ake kira shinkafar tuwo. Ita ce kuma ake kira Bahaushiyar shinkafa ko shinkafar Hausa. An fi amfani da wannan shinkafa yayin samar da tuwon shinkafa. Sai dai ana iya yin amafani shinkafar da ba nau’inta ba ma yayin yin tuwon.

A gefe guda kuma, za a ɗora tukunya tare da ruwa kan wuta. Bayan ruwan ya tafasa, za a rage kaɗan sannan a kawo wannan shinkafa a zuba ciki. Daga nan za a rufe tukunyar a bar ta tai ta dafuwa har sai ta yi laushi sosai, ta narke. Daga nan za a sanya muciya a fara tuƙawa. Yayin da ake wannan tuƙi, idan aka lura tana buƙatar a ƙara mata ruwa, za a yi amfani da wannan ruwan da aka rage domin a ƙara. Bayan ta tuƙu za a rufe domin ya ƙara sulala. Bayan ya sulala za a sake tuƙawa. Daga nan kuwa sai maganar kwashewa.


Wannan nau’i ne na abinci da bai taƙaita ga dare ba kawai. Wato dai koma bayan sauran nau’o’in tuwo da aka fi yi da dare domin a ci (a kuma ci ɗumame da safe), shi wannan tuwo har abincin rana ana yi da shi. Shi ma wannan nau’in tuwo ana cin sa da nau’o’in miya da dama, har ma da miyar kuka.

The book “Cimakar Bahaushe” (Diets of the Hausa People) is a collection of 293 traditional and modern diets of the Hausa people. Detailed explanations of the recipes and ingredients are provided. Comments are provided on the areas of the Hausa land where specific diets are mostly found, the age categories of people that usually use it, as well as the scientific impact of some of the diets to human biology.  Data is collected from interviews with different categories of people including:  i.                    Food sellers within the Hausa land: Mainly to have an idea of recipes on the diets.  ii.                  People of older age: Mainly to have insights on traditional diets of the Hausas.  iii.               Hausa scholars: Mainly to verify and justify the validity of the information obtained as well as provide further expert explanations on the diets.  Moreover, over two hundred (200) pieces of literature were reviewed to have better insight on the topic in question as well as get scientific and professional clarifications on some key concepts relevant to the research. The pieces of literature cover major relevant phenomena such as diet and hunger. Others are on the Hausa land and the Hausas.  The book contains thirty-three (33) chapters. Chapter one is the main introduction in which a concise explanation is provided on the Hausas, their history, their land, social life, and transformations due to globalization, acculturation, and modernity. Chapter two detailly discusses the concepts of diet and food from the Hausa point of view. That includes the meaning and the usage of diets in some Hausa works of literature both verbal and written (i.e. prose, poetry, proverbs, etc.).  Chapters three and four discuss the sources of Hausa diets and their forms accordingly. Chapters five to seventeen discuss some traditional Hausa diets including hard and soft ones. Chapter eighteen concentrates on the influence of modernity and globalization on Hausa diets. It has been discovered that there have been some significant changes in the Hausa diets ranging from recipes to kitchenettes.  Chapters nineteen to thirty-two discuss modern Hausa diets. Some traditional diets are still retained with little modifications, while on the other hand, there are a lot of new ones. Chapter thirty-three discusses “hunger” from the Hausa point of view. The relationship between hunger and food is examined. Additionally, the use of hunger in various Hausa literary works is studied. It is concluded that hunger is like a disease whereby its cure is food.  7th November 2022
Citation: Sani, A-U. & Umar, H.A. (2022). Cimakar Hausawa. Kano: WT Press. ISBN: 978-978-984-562-9.
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