Sunayen Hausawa (Bunkasar Sunayen Hausawa da Makwabtansu)

Bakura, A.R. & Sani, A-U. (2024). Sunayen Hausawa (Bunƙasar Sunayen Hausawa da Maƙwabtansu). WT Press. ISBN: 978-978-782-932-5.

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Bunƙasar Sunayen Hausawa da Maƙwabtansu

Adamu Rabi’u BAKURA
Abu-Ubaida SANI
Executive Summary
The focal point of "Sunayen Hausawa" (The Hausa Names) is an in-depth exploration of the names and naming culture intrinsic to the Hausa people. While its primary focus is on Hausa names, the book also intricately delves into Arabic, Kanuri, and Fulah names. This broader perspective is essential due to the extensive historical acculturation among these three groups and the Hausas, resulting in the mutual adaptation of names and naming cultures. 
The rich tapestry of names unfolds across six comprehensive chapters, each dedicated to unraveling various facets of this cultural phenomenon. As we traverse the pages of the book, readers will be immersed in the diverse world of Hausa names, gaining insights into the profound cultural significance embedded in the naming practices of this vibrant community. Furthermore, the exploration extends beyond the borders of Hausa culture, providing a comparative analysis of Arabic, Kanuri, and Fulah names. This comparative approach offers a holistic understanding of the interconnectedness and shared influences that have shaped the naming traditions among these communities. 
Chapter 1 establishes the fundamental groundwork for our exploration, providing a comprehensive background on key terms essential to the study. These terms include 'Suna' (name), 'bunƙasa' (Development), and 'Hausawa' (Hausa people). Moreover, the chapter extensively examines the fascinating origins of names, shedding light on the diverse cultural and communal perspectives on the significance of names. Delving into the broader context, the chapter emphasizes the role of names in various cultures and communities, highlighting their cultural and social importance. Additionally, it underscores the intrinsic value of the act of giving names. By intricately weaving together these facets, Chapter 1 aims to lay the foundation for a nuanced and comprehensive understanding of the intricate world of nomenclature. 
Chapters 2 to 3 intricately navigate readers through the dynamic evolution of Hausa names, tracing their trajectory from the pre-Islamic era to the post-Islamic period. This exploration unravels the rich cultural tapestry interwoven into each name, effectively capturing the essence of Hausa identity across diverse historical epochs. 
In the pre-Islamic period, the process of giving names in the Hausa society is influenced by a myriad of factors. Some names are bestowed based on the circumstances surrounding the birth of the child, reflecting the unique events and experiences associated with each individual. Additionally, names are shaped by the social dynamics within the marital home, considering the nuances of familial relationships. Other factors, such as the physical attributes of the child, the season of the year, and the time of birth, play pivotal roles in the naming process, adding layers of significance to each chosen name. 
Conversely, the advent of the Islamic religion brought about profound transformations in the culture of Hausa names. The Hausas began naming their children with a heightened reverence for Islamic principles, incorporating names of Allah, angels, prophets, and other significant religious figures. This shift extended to names associated with Islamic days, months, and sacred practices, reflecting a harmonious integration of religious beliefs into the naming tradition. Chapters 2 to 3 illuminate this transformative journey, providing readers with a deeper understanding of how Hausa names evolved in response to cultural and religious shifts. 
Chapter 4 broadens the narrative to encompass Kanuri names, undertaking a thorough exploration of nicknames, conditional names, and venerative names. The chapter meticulously traces the developmental trajectories of these names, offering a detailed examination that provides a rich comparative analysis between the Kanuri and the Hausa names and naming traditions. This analysis sheds light on the diverse linguistic and cultural dimensions inherent in the Kanuri naming tradition. 
Similar to the Hausa naming tradition, the Kanuri people, in the pre-Islamic era, considered various factors when naming their children. Classical Kanuri names often find inspiration in the names of animals (dabbobi), plantations (tsirrai), birds (tsuntsaye), and other creatures found in their immediate and distant environments. This chapter delves into the intricacies of these naming practices, offering insights into the cultural significance embedded in Kanuri names. 
Moreover, the acculturation between the Hausas and the Kanuri people is explored, revealing instances where Hausas have embraced and adapted certain Kanuri names. This interplay between cultures further enriches the understanding of how naming practices evolve and transcend cultural boundaries. Chapter 4 provides readers with a comprehensive view of Kanuri names, enhancing their appreciation for the cultural nuances that shape naming traditions in this vibrant community. 
Chapter 5 embarks on an exploration of Fulani names, subjecting them to a meticulous analysis that brings to light the intricacies of Fulani nomenclature. The spotlight in this chapter illuminates unique facets within the Fulani naming conventions, providing readers with a comprehensive understanding of the linguistic diversity encapsulated in the Fulani naming tradition. This comparative study enriches our appreciation for the distinctive features that characterize Fulani names. By delving into the linguistic nuances and cultural contexts of Fulani naming practices, Chapter 5 enhances our understanding of the multifaceted nature of this rich tradition. 
Furthermore, the chapter acknowledges the long-standing social relations between the Fulanis and the Hausas, resulting in the adoption of many Fulani names by the Hausas. This adoption extends beyond personal names to encompass traditional title names. The continuous intermarriages between the two groups, Hausa and Fulani, contribute significantly to this cultural exchange. Additionally, the activities of religious liberation in the Hausa land, led by Fulani leaders, have played a pivotal role in influencing the adoption of Fulani names by the Hausas. Chapter 5 thus underscores the interconnectedness of cultural practices and the dynamic evolution of naming traditions in response to historical and social dynamics. 
Chapter 6 propels the research into the contemporary landscape, delving into the profound impact of modernization on Hausa names. This chapter serves as a lens through which readers can explore the evolving dynamics and changing facets of Hausa naming practices in response to modern influences. It provides a forward-looking perspective, effectively bridging the historical narrative with the present-day realities of Hausa nomenclature. 
Within the contemporary context, modifications to existing Hausa names are noted, primarily through the process of clipping. This entails the shortening or simplification of names, reflecting a trend influenced by modern linguistic preferences. Additionally, new names are introduced through the process of compounding, where elements are combined to create innovative and meaningful names. In essence, the chapter highlights how the word formation processes of clipping and compounding contribute to the emergence of many Hausa names in the modern era. 
By shedding light on these contemporary developments, Chapter 6 offers readers a brighter understanding of the dynamic nature of Hausa naming practices and their adaptability to the ever-changing landscape of modernization. The exploration serves as a valuable contribution to the ongoing discourse on the intersection of tradition and modernity within Hausa culture. 
In essence, the book "Sunayen Hausawa" serves as a literary journey that not only unveils the intricate tapestry of Hausa names but also fosters an appreciation for the cultural exchange and shared naming practices that have evolved over time. With a keen eye on historical nuances and cultural intersections, the book encapsulates the essence of names as cultural artifacts, reflecting the dynamic nature of cultural identity.  

Abubuwan Da Ke Ciki

Tukuici iii
Sadaukarwa iii
Godiya iv
Peer Review Report I vi
Peer Review Report viii
Peer Review Report III x
Muƙaddima xii
Jinjina xiv
Abubuwan da ke Ciki xv
Executive Summary xxi
1. 0 Shimfiɗa 1
1. 1 Ma’anar Suna 1
1. 2 Ma’anar Bunƙasa 2
1. 3 Ƙasar Hausa 3
1. 4 Hausawa: Ma’anarsu da Yadda Suke 4
1. 5 Asalin Suna 6
1. 5. 1 Sunaye a Tsakanin Al’ummomi 13
1. 5. 2 Fa’idar Bayar da Suna 14
1. 6 Naɗewa 15
2. 0 Shimfiɗa 16
2. 1 Samar da Sunaye Daga Dabbobi 16
2. 2 Samar da Sunaye Daga Tsuntsaye 17
2. 3 Samar da Sunaye Daga Ƙwari 18
2. 4 Samar da Sunaye Daga Tsirrai 18
2. 5 Samar da Sunaye Daga Sararin Samaniya 19
2. 6 Samar da Suna ta La’akar da Yanayin da Aka Haihu 19
2. 6. 1 Yanayin Lokutan Shekara 19
2. 6. 2 Yanayi Ɗibar Kayan Amfanin Gona 20
2. 6. 3 Yanayin Hunturu 21
2. 6. 4 Yanayin Yini 21
2. 7 Sunaye Masu Dangantaka da Wasu Zamunna 22
2. 8 Sunaye ta Jerin Jinsin Abin Haihuwa 22
2. 9 Ɗorewar Rayuwar Abin da Aka Haifa 23
2. 10 Yanayin Ƙirar Jikin (Sifa) Abin Haihuwa 24
2. 11 Yanayin da Abin Haihuwa Ya Sami Kansa 25
2. 12 Laƙubba Masu Nuna Aukuwar Abubuwa 25
2. 13 Laƙabi ta Lura da Zuwan Haihuwa 26
2. 14 Sunaye ta Fuskar Saɓanin Zamantakewar Auratayya 27
2. 15 Sunaye ta Fannin Hazaƙa 27
2. 16 Sunaye ta Kula da Daɗewar Abin Haihuwa a Ciki 28
2. 17 Sunayen da Ke Ishara da Walwala da Wadata 28
2. 18 Sunayen Dangantaka 29
2. 19 Laƙubban Ishara da Auren Zumunci 30
2. 20 Naɗewa 30
3. 0 Shimfiɗa 31
3. 1 Larabawa 31
3. 2 Zuwan Musulunci Ƙasar Hausa da Wanzuwar Sababbin Sunaye 31
3. 3 Sunaye a Tsarin Addinin Musulunci 32
3. 4 Kyawawan Sunaye a Musulunci 33
3. 5 Hani da Sanya Sunayen Mugun Fata 34
3. 6 Hani da Sanya Sunayen Kyautata Zato 36
3. 7 Hani ga Sunayen Miƙa-Wuya ga Wanin Allah 37
3. 8 Umurni da Sanya Sunayen Miƙa Wuya ga Allah 37
3. 9 Matsayin Laƙabi a Addinin Musulunci 38
3. 9. 1 Haƙƙin Sanya Suna da Laƙabi 38
3. 9. 2 Hukuncin Amfani da Laƙubban Annabi S. A. W. 39
3. 10 Rikiɗar Sunayen Alkunya Zuwa na Yanka 42
3. 11 Sunayen Hausawa Daga Musulunci 43
3. 11. 1 Sunaye na Mata Sahabbai 47
3. 12 Tsarin Sunayen Hausawa Bayan Zuwan Musulunci 49
3. 12. 1 Laƙubba na Addini 50
3. 12. 2 Laƙubban Addinin Musulunci 51
3. 12. 3 Gutsure Sunan Yanka 52
3. 12. 4 Kwaskwarimar Sunayen Yanka 54
3. 12. 5 Gajarta Sunan Yanka 56
3. 12. 6 Laƙubban Ranakun Mako 59
3. 12. 7 Laƙubban Sunayen Yanka 62
3. 13 Sunayen Alkunya Bayan Zuwan Musulunci 63
3. 13. 1 Dangantaka ta Jini 63
3. 13. 2 Alkunya da ta Danganci Shugabanci 64
3. 13. 3 Sunayen da Suka Jiɓinci Haihuwa a Yayin Shagulgulan Addini 65
3. 14 Naɗewa 65
4. 0 Shimfiɗa 67
4. 1. 1 Laƙabi da Sunayen Dabbobi 67
4. 1. 2 Laƙabi da Sunayen Tsuntsaye 68
4. 1. 3 Laƙabi da Sunayen Bishiya 68
4. 1. 4 Laƙabi da Sunayen Abubuwa 69
4. 1. 5 Laƙabi da Sunayen Abinci ko Abin Sha 69
4. 1. 6 Laƙabi da Ɗabi’un Mutum 70
4. 1. 7 Laƙabi da Ƙirar Sifar Jiki 70
4. 1. 8 Laƙabi da Abin Mallaka 71
4. 1. 9 Laƙubban Dangantaka 71
4. 1. 10 Laƙubba Daga Sunan Mahaifi ko Kaka Namiji 72
4. 1. 11 Laƙabi ta Yanayin Jerin Zuwan Haihuwa 73
4. 1. 12 Sanya Suna ta Yanayin Haihuwa 73
4. 1. 13 Sanya Suna ta La’akari da Aukuwar Wasu Abubuwa 74
4. 1. 14 Sunayen Mutuntawa/Girmamawa 75
4. 2 Bunƙasar Sunaye a Al’ummar Kanuri 77
4. 2. 1 Samar da Suna ta Amfani da Sunayen Allah Kyawawa 78
4. 2. 2 Samar da Laƙabi ta Amfani da Sunayen Mala’iku 79
4. 2. 3 Samar da Sunaye ta Amfani da Sunayen Annabawa 82
4. 2. 4 Samar da Suna ta Amfani da Sunayen Sahabban Annabi S. A. W. 84
4. 3 Cuɗanyar Barebari da Hausawa da Wanzuwar Sababbin Sunaye 86
4. 4 Naɗewa 87
5. 0 Shimfiɗa 88
5. 1. 1 Sunayen Sanadin Tsawon Kasancewa a Ciki 88
5. 1. 2 Sunayen da Ake La’akari da Lokuttan Yini 89
5. 1. 3 Sunayen da Ake La’akari da Yanayin Shekara 89
5. 1. 4 Samar da Suna ta Aukuwar Wasu Abubuwa a Tsakanin Zuriya 90
5. 1. 5 Samar da Suna ta Sifar Abin Haihuwa 91
5. 1. 6 Samar da Suna ta La’akari da Halin Mutum 91
5. 1. 7 Samar da Suna ta Duban Tsarin Haihuwa 91
5. 1. 8 Samar da Sunaye ta Fuskar Buri 92
5. 2 Laƙabi Tsakanin Fulani 93
5. 2. 1 Laƙubban Nason Musulunci da Tarihi 93
5. 2. 2 Laƙubban Girmamawa a Tsakanin Zamantakewar Al’umma 93
5. 2. 3 Laƙubban Isharar Matsayin Dangantaka 94
5. 2. 4 Samar da Laƙubba Daga Sunan Mahaifi ko Kaka 95
5. 2. 5 Laƙubban Sunayen Yanka 95
5. 2. 6 Kwaskwarimar Sunayen Musulunci na Yanka 96
5. 2. 7 Samar da Laƙubba ta Haɗa Gutsuren Sunaye 98
5. 3 Cuɗanyar Hausawa da Fulani da Wanzuwar Sababbin Sunaye 99
5. 4 Naɗewa 100
6. 0 Shimfiɗa 101
6. 1 Alkunya Bayan Tabbatuwar Jahadin Shehu 101
6. 2 Alkunya a Sakamakon Faruwar Wasu Abubuwa 102
6. 3 Samuwar Harɗaɗɗun Laƙubba 106
6. 3. 1 Laƙubba Masu Tushen Mallaka 106
6. 3. 2 Laƙubba Masu Tushen Tsigalau 109
6. 3. 3 Laƙubba Masu Tushen Aikatau 110
6. 4 Naɗewa 110
Manazarta 111

Sunayen Hausawa (Bunkasar Sunayen Hausawa da Makwabtansu)

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