Sansamin Gamji Mai Cika Bakin Akuya: Bitar Littafin Sanyinna District: Events, Trends and Turning Points

 Amsoshi

 


 


 


Edited by


The Maina Research Committee


Published by Wali Foundation, Sanyinna.


 


 


Mai Bita


Aliyu Muhammad Bunza


Sashen Koyar da Harsunan Nijeriya,


Jami’ar Umaru Musa Yar’adua, Katsina.


Katsina-Nijeriya.


 


 


 


 


 


An gabatar da bitar ranar Asabar 10th ga Mayu, 2014 a makarantar GSS Sanyinna da k’arfe goma na safe a k’ark’ashin jagorancin Right Honourable Speaker Kakakin Majalisar Tarayya Alhaji Aminu Waziri Tambuwal.


 


https://www.amsoshi.com/2017/11/01/sharhi-a-kan-littafi-mai-suna-jarumin-jarumai/

Gabatarwa


Ficen mutane da d’aukakarsu a duniyar zamaninsu yana cikin tarihinsu. Tarihinmu wani madubin k’yallaro asalinmu ne da d’abi’unmu da dangantakarmu da zamaninmu. Wanda ya taskace tarihinsa, ya kundace shi, ya hutar da al’ummarsa, ya agaza wa k’asarsa, ya rage wa zuriyarsa dawarar kalato gutsattsarin labarin kunne ya girmi kaka na taliyon sama wa kai tushe cikin k’ila-wa-k’ala. Tsaftatacciyar hanyar da za a yi wa Turawan mulkin mallaka zanga-zanga, da tawaye, da ature, ga bahaguwar fahimtar da suka yi wa Daular Sakkwato cikin k’azantaccen harshe a rubuce, ita ce, ma’ilmantar kowace k’asa, da gunduma, su sake kakka’be kundin tarihinsu. Tabbas, babu mai nunin gidansu da hannun hagu (hauni). A fahimtarmu, da dahuwa, da suya, da banda, duk gashi ya fi su sanin asirin wuta. Ga zatona, tunanin haka ne ya sa Sanyinnawa suka yi wa tarihin k’asarsu taron dangi. To! Ga wuta ga masara.

Gadam-Gadam


Tsananin zumud’in zuwa gona, da kwana da takaicin aiki, da yini jin haushin kasala, da mantasala, ya sa zarumi yini neman gatarinsa cikin gona alhali yana a wuyansa rataye bai ankara ba. Haka ko aka yi, tsananin d’okin kare mutuncin Sanyinna da Sanyinnawa, ya shagaltar da ‘yan bokon Sanyinna suka yi ta fafitikar rubuta tarihinsu cikin Turanci suka manta cewa, babu Bature ko bak’o a cikin garin Sanyinna. Idan aka bi fassarar, “lokacin abu a yi shi” ba su yi laifi ba. In aka harari nassin kowane tsuntsu kukan gidansu yake yi, rafkannuwar da suka yi ba ta fi k’arfin ba’adiyya ba. Taken littafin a Turanci shi ne: SANYINNA DISTRICT: Events, Trends, and Turning Points:Gundumar Sanyinna Jiya da Yau”. Tun a sunan littafin, mai karatu ya san mazajen da suka tsara aikin hannu ya iya jiki ya saba. Tun a sunan littafin an gayyato masu iya karatu da su bud’a su gani, ruwa na k’asa sai ga wanda bai tona ba. A wajenmu d’alibai, idan sunan littafi ya zaunu da gindinsa, to komi ya yi, an ba gwauro ajiyar mata.

Fuskar  Littafin


          A ganin Bahaushe, ajin hular dak’ik’i daban yake, karin hular wawa, ba sai an tambaya ba, d’aurin yaba/walkin raggo d’uwawu ka ba da labarinsa. A fuskar bangon littafin, an kauce wa ado na k’awata shi da launuka domin kauce wa Bafulatanin ra’ayi. Ba a zana tamburan yak’i da makamai ba, domin sanin ko ba a fad’a ba sunan mijin iya baba. Tarihin Sanyinna ba ya buk’atar barazanar jan bango (makari) tun tuni take da kirarin “Gambun Yamma” ga masu jihadi. Da dakarun Kabawa suka taya ta, su da kansu suka ce, “Ana shaggu k’asa” in ji rak’umi da ya taki kunama. An dai tsara bangon littafin bisa fasahar shimfid’ar fuska ya fi shimfid’ar tabarma. Ba barazana, bale kirari ko bugun gaba, ko ba a fad’a ba karatun Farfesa Ibrahim Maidangwale Tubali (Narambad’a) ya ratse su, a fad’arsa:

Jagora: K’arya ce sukai

Yara  : Wanda duk ka fad’in za shi yi

: Ba shi yin komi

Gindi: Amadun Bubakar gwarzon Yari

: Dodo na Alk’ali

Goshin Aiki


          Bangon farko na littafin an mamaye shi da hoto da tarihin shugaban bincike. A shafi na biyu aka maimaita taken littafin. A shafi na uku aka zo da k’awataccen taswirar k’asar Sanyinna domin sai an san nauyin kaya ake jingar d’aukar su. Bisa ga adalcin marubuta bincike, shafin da ya mara wa taswirar Sanyinna baya, yana d’auke da hoton Ard’on Sanyinna Alhaji Shehu Garba, aka yi gambu da shi domin mai shirin ratsa kundataccen tarihin Sanyinna ya ga surar mai Sanyinna. A bango na biyar, aka jero bishiyar li’irabin tsarin siyasar k’asar Sanyinna a kan ginshik’i d’aya, reshe shida, da saiwowi arba’in da hud’u. Abin ban sha’awa, Ard’on Sanyinna ya yi wa littafin gabatarwa ga jama’a. A tsarin godiyar littafin, marubutan sun nuna k’warewa da taka-tsan-tsan da kaffa-kaffa gudun hawa dokin zargi, don haka suka gode wa Ard’o, da iyayen k’asa shida na Sanyinna, da dukkanin Sanyinnawa, kana suka kwakkwahe ga wad’anda aka nemi sa hannunsu a matakai daban-daban . Hatta da hak’k’in mallakar littafin ga kwamitin Maina, wanda ya had’a littafin aka rataya shi tare da cikakkiyar lambarsa ta zama tabbataccen littafi wallafaffe ISBN978-931-521-5. Datti’ben da suka yi limancin wannan gagarumin aiki su ne:

1 Alhaji Umar

2 Alhaji Muhammadu Modi ‘Dandare

3 Malam Muhammadu Sajo

4 Dr. Muhammadu Arzika ‘Danzaki PhD

5 Marafan Garam Alhaji Usman Umar

6 Alhaji Sani Abdullahi

7 Malam Bala Kada Gudum

8 Malam Adamu Musa Gudum

9 Alhaji Sahabi ‘Danfari

10 Madawakin Sanyinna Alhaji Bello Mailato

11 Alhaji Sahabi Muhammad

12 Magajin Saida Alhaji Bello Muhammad

13 Alhaji Yusuf Ladan

14 Wali Foundation (Mawallafa Littafin)

K’unshiyar Littafi


Tun ba a shimfid’a buzun karatu ba, sunayen wad’anda suka jagoranci wannan bincike ya tabbatar da cewa, ba kwasan karan mahaukaciya aka yi wa tarihin Sanyinna ba. Da jin sunayen, an san, kumbu ya gamu da marfi ta bakin Zamfarawa sun ce, “Gumi ta gamu da Anka”. Ban yi wa littafin dubin tsoro ba, ba kuma shan ruwan tsuntsaye na yi masa ba. Don haka, ga hisabin k’ididdigar k’unshiyarsa kamar haka:

  • Shafukan tsurar aikin littafin d’ari biyu da arba’in da bakwai (247)

  • Yawan babukansa takwas (8)

  • Kowane babi yana d’auke da fasula kamar haka:


Babi na 1 fasali 6

Babi na 2 fasali 5

Babi na 3 fasali 13

Babi na 4 fasali 9

Babi ba 5 fasali 15

Babi na 6 fasali 10

Babi na 7 fasali 14

Babi na 8 fasali 5

Adadin fasula sittin da bakwai (67)

Taken Matashiyar Babukan Littafi


1 Farfajiyar k’asar Sanyinna da tarihinta, shafi na 1-9

2 Dabashirin mazaunin Sanyinna a zamanin Jihadi, shafi na 10-18

3 Cigaban walwala da tattalin arzikin Sanyinna, shafi na 19-42

4 Fitattun daba da daulolin shawagin birnin Sanyinna, shafi na 43-55

5 Jagororin masarautun k’asar Sanyinna, shafi na 56-78

6 Tsarin siyasar sarautun k’asar Sanyinna, shafi na 79-208

7 Had’in kan addini da ‘yancinsa a k’asar Sanyinna, shafi na 209-230

8 Haihuwar boko a garin Sanyinna, shafi na 231-242

9 Fihirinsa, shafi na 243-247

10 Bangon k’arshe hoton Magatakardan Bincike da Tarihinsa

Sanyinna Gamji Matattarar Tsuntsaye


          Duk wani gari da ke bangon k’asa, mutanen da ke cikinsa daga wani wuri suka fito. Mahalicci bai ta’ba ruwan mutane a wata k’asa ko wani gari suka tsiro ba. Haka kuma, bai ta’ba ruwan mutane a wata karkara ba. Komai tak’amar mutum, akwai wurin da kakanninsa suka fito, domin Bahaushe cewa ya yi, “kowa ya yi k’arya ana samun d’an garinsu”. Garin da ya samu tagomashin bak’i ya yi arziki. Ga al’ada, mutane tsuntsaye ne, ba su ta’ba tabbata a ice d’aya ba. Idan gari ya samu amincewar mutane ‘yan zuriya daban-daban, k’abila daban-daban, ana sa ran masu gaskiya suka kafa shi, domin k’arya ba ta ta’ba had’a kan mutane suka yi gari ba. Ku rake ni Tubali mu tambayi Farfesa Ibrahim Maidangwale Tubali (Narambad’a) ga yadda ya yi fashin bak’in:

Jagora : Na hore ki gaskiya bari tsoron k’arya

Yara  : Mai k’arya munahuki Allah su yak’ k’i

Jagora : Har yau ba mu ga inda an ka yi mai k’arya ba

Yara  : Amma ita gaskiya gari da mutane tay yi

Gindi : Gwarzon Shamaki na Malam toron giwa

: Baban Dodo ba a tamma da batun banza

Madalla! To, mu dawo Sanyinna. Yau k’imanin shekara takwas da aka yi k’ididdigar adadin yawan jama’a a Nijeriya (wato shekarar 2006). Sanyinna na da yawan mutane dubu sittin (60,000). Da yake, Sanyinnawa ba raggaye ba ne ga noman rani bale ga na damina. Haka kuma, a addinance ba su da aljihun baya duka mabiya sunnar Annabi (SAW) ne ak’idance da aikace, musamman a gefen aure. Idan aka duba, cikin tazarar shekara takwas, an gwamatsi dubu saba’in zuwa tamanin (70,000-80,000). Garin Sanyinna na da k’asashe shida (6), da Uban k’asa shida (6), da k’auyuka talatin da d’aya (31). Babban birnin Sanyinna na da unguwowi goma sha uku (13).

1 Shiyar Malle

2 Shiyar Wanzamai

3 Shiyar Tsibiri

4 Shiyar Sakkarawa

5 Shiyar Dutsi

6 Shiyar Fulani

7 Shiyar Mak’era

8 Shiyar K’ofar Yamma

9 Shiyar Illela

10 Shiyar Sabon Gari

11 Shiyar Baichi

12 Shiyar Tudu

13 Shiyar Nasarawa

Kallon wad’annan unguwowi da idon al’ada, da tarihi, ya isa ya tabbatar da zuman Sanyinna sansamin gamji mai cike bakin akuya. Ba a yi kure ba idan aka ce, gari ne da ya tattaro al’ummomin Afirka ta Yamma musamman Hausawa da Gobirawa da Adarawa da Kabawa da Fulani da Zabarmawa da Zazzagawa da Arawa da Azbinawa da Wolof da Katsinawa da Barebari. Dank’ari! Ko da ganin kan kura ya ci mutum. Tattara ire-iren wad’annan k’abilu wuri d’aya, a samu mubayi’arsu gaba d’aya, wani tsintuwar guru  a cikin sud’i ne. Cewa wasu mazaje sun yi wa irin wannan gari barazana, labarin k’anzon kurege ne. Irin nagartattun mutanen da suka yada zango garin Sanyinna, yi mata cin dak’uwar makaho labari ne sai dai a yi wuta-wuta had’iyar kunamar kwad’o tun ba a had’e ba kai ya yi zufa. A yak’in Alk’alawa Sanyinnawa sun yi wa rundunar Gobirawa a k’ark’ashin jaruminsu Kusu kwancin ‘bauna. A shekarar 1851 Sanyinnawa sun yi wa Sarkin Kabi Yakubu Nabame bindigar ‘yan tauri, wato ke gawa, mai ke gawa, abin da an ka nuna gawa, gawa uku jere ga juna.

A fagen noma Sanyinna ta yi wa yunwa k’ofar raggo. Ta fuskar gwagwarmayar jihadi, Sanyinna manyan kashi iyayen ciniki ce, domin mujaddadi ‘Danfodiyo ya limanci jama’a da La’asar a Sanyinna cikin dakon jiran abokan gaba. A ilmin boko, suna gaba an ka yi baya. Malam Umaru ‘Danboko ya fara rage wa alli tsawo a matsayinsa na shugaban makarantar Firamre ta Yabo, 1932. K’azantaccen tarihin boko, da dasisarsa, da zurmugud’d’un Yahudu da Nasara da ke ciki bayyane yake a fafatawar Giginya da Sarkin Musulmi Attahiru Cimmaula, da turnuk’un gumuzun Satiru na shekarar 1906. Wad’annan abubuwa suka ba masu hankali tsoron boko, Sanyinnawa na daga cikinsu. Shekarar boko talatin (30) yana dawarar wurin aje kaya a birnin Sanyinna. Sanyinnawa ba su ba shi masauki ba sai a shekarar 1962. Ban ga laifin Sanyinnawa ba, domin kakansu ‘Dangaladima Ibrahim na cikin shuhada’un shekarar 1903 da suka ce wa Turawa komi taka zama ta zama! Yana basaraken Sanyinna ya aje rawani ya kai wa Allah zubin adashin da ya yi musu alkawalin kwasan k’arshe a Firdausi.

https://www.amsoshi.com/2017/11/05/da-wasa-ake-gaya-wa-wawa-gaskiya/

Ginshik’an K’asar Sanyinna


          Babban abin da ya mamaye k’unshiyar littafin shi ne babi na biyar da ya yi darzajen Sarakunan k’asar tun daga Muhammadu Garo-Hawaye (1808-1893) ya zuwa Alhaji Shehu Garba (1999-Yau). Gari-Hawaye ya rasu a Sanyinna, 1833. Muhammadu Maidoro ya rasu 1846. Abubakar Bube ya rasu 1886. Haliru  ‘Dankogi ya rasu 1889. Ibrahim ya yi shahada 1905 a Burmi. Arabu ya rasu 1905. Mu’alleyid’i an cire shi 1907. Muhammadu Kaka, ya yi murabus 1922. Shehu, ya yi murabus 1953. Malam Umaru an yi masa murabus 1975. Alhaji Garba ya rasu 1999. Alhaji Shehu Garba ya hau karaga 1999.

Ya zuwa yau (2014), Sanyinna ta albarkatu da Sarakuna (12). Biyar sun rasu a karagar mulki. ‘Daya ya yi shahada a gumuzun Burmi. Hud’u sun ci karo da k’addarar shugabanci, (d’aya ya yi murabus, uku an cire su). Fatarmu Allah ya ba da zama lafiya. Bisa ga tsarin littafin, duk wani mai hak’k’i a k’asar Sanyinna an ambace shi da matsayinsa da irin gudunmuwarsa. A koyaushe Sardauna Amadu na gaya wa shugabanni, ba a gamawa, ba a iyawa, ba a yabawa. Farfesa Ibrahim Maidangwale Tubali (Narambad’a) cewa ya yi:

Jagora: Yau mai ashararu ya kad’e

: Duniya ta yi mai fashi

Yara   : Ya san ba a kwarjini ga mutanen Hausa

: Kowac ce shina iyawa ga fili nan

: Sai ya k’etare gidanai ba ban kwana

Gindi:  Gwarzon Shamaki na Malam toron giwa

:  Baban Dodo ba a tamma da batun banza

 

Gyara Kayanka


          Na tabbata, mutum duk d’an tara ne. Tilas cikin ayyukansa a ci karo da mantuwa, nan da can. A ganina, irin su mak’era Umaru d’an shekara d’ari ba biyu (98) wata babbar hujja ce ga tarihin k’asar Hausa ba ma Sanyinna kawai ba. Na tabbata ba a rasa irin sa cikin mata ba. Ba mu ji wurin da aka ziyarce su ba. An dogara ga ayyukan da Turawa suka yi da yawa. A nan, an yi saki zari kama tozo. Daga cikin sarakunan sana’o’i, ban ji zarmod’on Makad’an Sanyinna da Sarkin Ruwa ba. Ko kun manta da makad’an kokuwa da yak’i aka yi wa Kabawa barazana suka ji tsoron mai da gamin gumuzun Taushin Gilme? Idan dai ba a manta da a share jini a koma wasa ba, ya kamata sana’ar kamun kifi da sarakunansu su samu fasali a Littafin. A da, a fagen dambe, da an ce: “Ga ‘Dansanyinna” ko an fitar da takensa naira ta gama yawo. Na tabbata an d’an manta ne, domin aikin Magaji ba ya hana na Magajiya. Wajibi ne ga Sanyinnawa su tashi tsayin daka su nemo jerin mazajen Sanyinna da suka kwanta dama a Taushin Gilme da cikakkiyar salsalarsu. Muna nan muna bin ku bashin fassara wannan littafi zuwa Hausa.

Nad’ewa


Mun dai ji Sanyinna, mun ji irin nata matsayi a rubuce. Kiran da nike yi ga dukkan ‘yan Nijeriya shi ne, k’asar duk da babu zama lafiya ta tsahi da aiki. Fitinar k’abilanci da siyasa da addini alamomin nad’e duniya ne. Duk da haka, yanayin da ake son a sa k’asarmu ciki, Musulmi da Musulunci ake son a yi wa kashin mahaukacin kare. Sarakunanmu sun sa baki, an yi biris da su, ka ce kare ya taki sisi. Gwamnoninmu sun yunk’uro, an yi tsayin dakan yi musu haihuwan guzuma d’a kwance uwa kwance. An raba kanun malamanmu da kwabon gishiri. An tarwatsa mabiya da ta’ba-ka-lashe. A yau, sai a sallar jana’iza kawai fuskokinmu ke kallon juna da rahama. An girke tsoro a zukatan ‘yan siyasarmu kowanensu jam’iyyarsa ita ce kalimar shahadarsa. Yau k’iri-k’iri Musulmi ne ‘yan dako da alaro a Abuja. Su ne marayu a manyan kujerin gwamnatin tarayya. Su ne ‘yan tsaron gadirum a gidan soja da ‘yan sanda da ma’aikatun tsaro. Shekaran jiya ban da jiya, da sunan Maitatsine aka karkashe mu. Shekaran jiya, da sunan ‘yan Izala da ‘Darik’a aka yi muna kisan kiyashi. Jiya da sunan ‘yan ta’adda aka yi wa ‘yan uwanmu ruwan wuta. Yau, da sunan Boko Haram aka yi muna taron dangi da ba a ta’ba yin irinsa muni a Nijeriya ba. Gobe da sunan ‘yan Allahu Akbar! Ko masallata za a k’ark’are abin da ya rage. Wawaye, dolaye, dak’ik’u, takkwalai, ‘yan siyasa da ‘yan boko da ma’aikatan gwamnatinmu na ta sake le’bo suna jiran gawon shanu. Da kwance Sanyinnawa suka yi, yau wa ka tsayi sauraron tarihinsu? Allah wadaran naka ya lalace in ji ‘bauna da ta ga shanun noma, wai ji wurin da mawak’in marasa gaskiya ya fi masu gaskiya hankali! Malam Gambo ke kiran wani k’waronsa da cewa:

Jagora: Me kaka shakka

: Ga ni ga ka!

: ‘Dauri kaka shakka ko macewa?

: Komi adadinai na tahowa

: Mai rai wada Allah ya’aje shi

: Ba hurce iyaka za shi yi ba.

 

 

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