On Generosity and Bravery of Hausa Traditional Leaders

 Cite this article as: Kabir, H.D. (2023). Kyauta Jaruntar Saraki: Nazari Daga Wasu Waƙoƙin Baka. Tasambo Journal of Language, Literature, and Culture, (2)1, 145-153. www.doi.org/10.36349/tjllc.2023.v02i01.018.


Halima Daura Kabir, PhD

Sashen Harsuna da Al’adun AfirkaJami’ar Ahmadu Bello, ZariyaNijeriya



Court music refers to various music styles associated with courts. In Hausa land, court music is performed at various palaces as an everyday feature for the purpose of entertainment and eulogizing. Genealogical pedigree, bravery, excellent administrative qualities, ability to protect the religion of the community and generosity are the major themes of Hausa court music. However, before the Sokoto Jihad, when leaders were at war with each other for either acquisition of land, slaves and other material needs, defeating enemies at war field was recorded as a measure of success, just as wrestling was a variable for the selection of a new leader; especially in Katsina emirate, therefore bravery was seen as the most significant of the five themes. The paper examines how generosity of leaders gradually replaced bravery as a cold war using some selected Hausa court music (1870-1970) for illustration. Results reveal how generosity is now the norm for making a leader’s name in Hausa land, pave way for the crown prince to manipulate the choice of an emir and also distract the opponents.

Keywords: Hausa Classical Music, Themes, Generosity, Leaders

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