Karin Harshe Na Rukuni: Nazarin Hausar Shafin Makaranta Na Jaridar Aminiya

Amsoshi

DAGA


Nazir Ibrahim Abbas


Sashen Koyar da Harsunan Nijeriya


Jami’ar Usmanu Danfodiyo, Sokoto


Imel: ibrahimabbasnazir@gmail.com


                                                           Gsm: +2348060431934






Tsakure


 

Baya ga karin harshen Hausa da ake samu a yankuna daban-dabam na k’asar Hausa, haka ma ana samun karin harshe na rukunin al'umma daban-daban. Karin harshen rukuni kan samu ne, ko dai dalilin matsayi ko muk’ami ko aiki ko jinsi ko addini ko ilimi ko kuma shekaru. Wannan bincike ya yi nazarin wani nau'in Hausa na rukuni wadda ake samu a shafin jaridar Aminiya, mai suna 'Shafin Makaranta Hausa’. Binciken ya yi k’ok’arin fito da nau'in Hausar da shafin ke amfani da ita tare da k’ok’arin kawo bambancinta da Hausar da aka saba da ita yau da kullum, wannan shi ya k’ara tabbatar da Hausar shafin makaranta Hausa a matsayin wani nau'in karin harshe na rukuni.

https://www.amsoshi.com/2017/09/30/zumuntar-bahaushe-a-zamanin-gsm/

 


  1. 0 Gabatarwa




Karin harshe wani ‘bangare ne na ilimin walwalar harshe a cikin kimiyyar harshe. Karin harshe ya danganci bambancin da ake samu na magana a cikin harshe d’aya, wanda bai kai ga ya haifar da rashin fahimta kwata-kwata ba tsakanin masu magana da harshen, sai dai ga wad’anda na ‘yan rukunin da ake amfani da shi ba. Ana iya nazarin karin harshe ko ta ‘bangaren yanki ko kuma rukuni. Karin harshe na yanki ya danganci bambancin da ake samu a cikin harshe dalilin yanki ko wurin da al'umma suke zaune. Yanki yana iya haifar da nau'in bambancin magana a cikin al'umma masu harshe d’aya, wanda shi ne ake kira karin harshe na yanki ko nahiya.

Wani nau’in karin harshe, shi ne karin harshe na rukuni. Karin harshen rukuni shi ne wanda ake samu dalilin alak’a ta rukuni a cikin al’umma. Alak’ar karin harshe na rukuni na iya kasancewa ko dai don shekaru ko matsayi ko ilimi ko addini ko jinsi ko aiki ko kuma muk’ami. Wannan rukunin shi ma ya kan haifar da nau’in magana daban, daidai rukunan da muka ambata a sama.

A wannan takardar an yi bincike mai taken: ‘Karin Harshe Na Rukuni: Nazarin Hausar Shafin Makaranta na Jaridar Aminiya’, za a duba wani nau’in Hausa na rukuni wadda ake yi a wani shafin jaridar Aminiya mai suna ‘Makaranta Hausa’. Hausar shafin makaranta ta danganci wani rukunin al’umma ke’bantattu da ke matsayin d’aliban makaranta da malaminsu mai suna ‘Dodo’. Ita wannan Hausa, d’aliban da masu karanta shafin a kai a kai ne kad’ai ke iya fahimtar abin da take nufi kai tsaye. Kalmomin da ake amfani da su a shafin na Hausa ne amma rukunin d’aliban makarantar da malaminsu ne suke tsara su, suna kuma amfani da su, kuma su ne suka fi sanin hanyar da suke bi wajen k’irk’iro kalmomin da kuma jumlolin daga cikin Hausar da aka saba da ita.

Sha’awar Hausar shafin ta la’akari da hikimomin da ke ciki, shi ya sa na yi nazari a kan Hausar a matsayin wani nau’in karin harshe na rukuni.

Bayanan da za mu yi amfani da su mun tattara su ne daga cikin jaridu goma sha uku (na makawanni 13) da ke k’unshe da shafin na ‘Makaranta Hausa’. Shafin yana fitowa a shafi na goma sha hud’u (14) na jaridar ta Aminiya wadda ake bugawa a kowane sati. Mun yi nazarin Hausar kowane shafi daga cikin wad’annan jaridun a lokacin da nake gudanar da wannan binciken.

 

  • Karin Harshe Da Nau’o’insa


Masana da dama sun bayar da ma’anar karin harshe da kuma nau’o’insa. Wasu daga cikin wad’annan masanan su ne:

Skinner (1977:6) Ya kalli harshe a matsayin – ‘Wani nau’in magana a cikin harshe d’aya, wanda ba shi ne ainihin harshen ba’.

Crystal (2008:142) Ya bayyana - ‘Karin harshe ko dai na yanki ko rukuni, a matsayin wani nau’in magana na harshe wanda ake iya ganewa ta wasu kalmomi da tsarin harshe (nahawu). Y ace karin harshe mafi yawa yana da tsarin furuci ko nau’in magana da ya bambanta’.

Mathews (1977:56) kuwa ya bayyana: ‘Karin da duk wani nau’in magana na harshe musamman kuma wanda ake magana da shi a wani sashe na k’asa’.

Sani (2009: 02) ya kawo ma’anar karin harshe a matsayin; ‘Nau’i ne daga cikin  nau’o’in harshe guda wanda ake amfani da shi musamman a wani sashe na al’umma’.

Adeyanju (1989: 39) kuwa ya kawo ma’anar karin harshe- ‘A matsayin yadda mutum ya saba yin magana a cikin gungun al’umma da yawa masu harshe d’aya’.

Karin harshe ke nan yana nufin bambancin magana da ake samu tsakanin mutane masu harshe d’aya wanda bai isa ya haifar da rashin fahimta tsakaninsu ba. Duk harshen da ya bunk’asa yana iya samun karin harshe a cikinsa.

Amfani (1993:02) ya bayyana: ‘Nazarin karin harshe (dialectology) a matsayin nazarin yanayin magana na harshen mutane d’aya, wad’an da ke fahimtar juna, kuma suna da alak’ar huld’a ta magana’.

 

1.2.2 Nau’o’in Karin Harshen Hausa

Karin harshe a Hausa yana da nau’o’i guda biyu; wad’annan kuwa kamar yadda malamai suka bayyana su ne; karin harshe na yanki da kuma karin harshe na rukuni. Karin harshe na yanki, shi ne wanda ake samu dalilin wurin zama ko yankin da al’umma suka fito. A irin wannan hali yanki ko wurin zama yana iya haifar da nau’in magana na daban ga al’umma.

A Hausa kuwa akwai kare-karen harshe na yanki, kamar yadda Bergery (1934), Ahmed Da Daura (1970), Liman (1978), Malka (1978), Amfani (1980, 1993), Zaria (1992), Sani (2003), suka bayyana wad’an da suka had’a da: Kananci, Sakkwatanci, Dauranci, Zazzaganci, Bausanci, Zamfaranci, Adaranci, Damagaranci, Gobiranci, Kurfayanci, Canganci. Wad’annan kare-karen harshe kuwa ana samunsu ne a yankin Arewacin Nijeriya da Arewacin Jamhuriyar Nijar.

Wasu daga cikin malaman sun rarraba su a matsayin na sashen gabas da yamma ko manya da k’anana. Yayin da wasu suka kalle su a bisa tsarin tarihin Bayajida.

Ana iya ganin bambancin karin harshe na yanki a dukkan ‘bangarorin nazarin kimiyyar harshe tun daga ilimin furuci har i zuwa ga ilimin ma’ana.

A ‘bangaren karin harshe rukuni kuwa, Mathews (1977:344) ya bayyana cewa: ‘Nau’in magana ne, wanda ya danganci wani nau’in al’umma ko rukunin wata tawaga d’aya a cikin al’umma’.

Fagge (2001) Ya yi nazarin karin harshen Hausa na rukuni, inda ya kawo Hausar da ta shafi rukunin al’umma daban-daban wadda ta had’a da Hausar: ‘Yan siyasa da Hausar gardawa da Hausar ‘Yan k’adiriyya da Hausar ‘Yan motocin haya da Hausar ‘Yan aca’ba. Bugu da k’ari ya kawo Hausar ‘Yan Sanda da Hausar Makanikai da Hausar K’ungiyoyin addinai (‘Darik’a, Izala, Shi’a) da Hausar ‘Yan mata dai sauransu.

Yakasai (2012), Shi ma ya kawo irin wannan Hausa ta rukuni wadda ta k’unshi Hausar Kasuwanci da Hausar Sarakuna da Hausar Mawak’a da Hausar Malamai da Hausar Dattijai da Hausar Samari da ‘Yan Mata da Hausar Matan Aure da Hausar Gidana Magajiya da kuma Hausar Wurin Zaman Makoki.

 

  • Karin Harshen Hausa na Rukuni


Karin harshe na rukuni, karin harshe ne wanda ya danganci bambancin magana da ake samu dalilin matsayi ko aji ko rukuni ko shekaru ko muk’ami ko jinsi ko addini ko ilimi ko kuma tarayyar aiki iri d’aya (a irin wannan yanayi ne ake samun kalmomin fannu, da suka ke’banta ga wani aiki ko ma’aikata).

Wannan nau’in karin harshe ya sha bamban da karin harshe na yanki domin ana iya samunsa a cikin al’umma ko tsakanin mutanen da suke da tarayya d’aya daga cikin abubuwan da muka ambata a baya na shekaru ko matsayi ko aji ko ilimi ko jinsi ko aiki ko muk’ami.

Bambancin da ake samu a irin wannan karin harshe na rukuni bai yi yawan na karin harshe na yanki ba, domin shi wannan ya fi shafar kalmomi ne da ‘yan guntayen jumloli wad’an da rukunin al’ummar da ke amfani da su, sun fi sauk’in fahimtar sak’on da suka k’unsa.

 

  • Shafin Makaranta ‘Dodorido na Jaridar Aminiya’.


Aminiya wata shahararriyar jaridar Hausa ce, wadda kamfanin ‘Media Trust’ da ke da babban ofishinsa a Abuja, ya ke bugawa a kowane mako, jaridar tana fitowa a ranar juma’a ta kowane sati. An fara buga wannan jarida ne, a shekara ta 2006 kuma tana da shafuka arba’in (40) a cikinta.

Kamar mafi yawan jaridu, wannan jaridar ta Aminiya tana da shafukan da suka k’unshi labarai na gida da na waje da shafukan ilimantarwa da na tallace-tallace da na labaran al’ajabi da rahotanni da kuma shafukan nishad’antarwa.

Shafin da za mu yi nazari a kansa, shi ne shafin ‘Makaranta Dodorido’ na jaridar Aminiya, wanda shafi ne na, fad’akarwa da ilamantarwa da ke zuwa cikin siga ta nishad’i. Abin da ya ja hankalina akansa shi ne, Hausar da ake amfani da ita a shafin da yadda ake sarrafata da jujjuyata da k’irk’iowa da kalmomi abun ban sha’awa, har ya kai ga wanda ba d’alibin makarantar ba sai ya kasa fahimtar inda aka dosa.

Wannan shafi na ‘Makaranta Dodorido’ a kowane mako yana fitowa a shafi na goma sha hud’u (14) na jaridar Hausa ta Aminiya kuma yana da siga ta nishad’antarwa da take gudana ta hanyoyi daban-daban. Sigar tana nuna cewa ana isar da wasu sak’onni ne, na ‘yan makaranta.

Tsarin shafin ‘Makaranta Dodorido’ yana tafiya ne bisa tsarin makaranta wadda ke da d’alibai da malami d’aya da suke kira ‘Dodo’ , wannan ne, ya sa ma akwai surar wani hoto da ba a gane kowane ne ba a saman shafin, a gefen hagu, wanda ga dukkan alamu shi ne hoton ‘Dodon’  da adireshinsa na email a k’asa mai taken ‘turakundodo@yahoo.com’.

Shafin bugu da k’ari yana tafiya ne da tsarin ko dai dodon ya bayar da labari ko kuma sak’on wasik’u daga d’aliban makarantar daban-daban da ke jihohin k’asar nan, wad’an da suke rubutawa don isar da  sak’onninsu. Kowace wasik’a daga ciki tana d’auke da take, wanda ke nuna sak’on da ta k’unsa. Mafi yawan lokuta, shafin ya kan tattauna al’amurran da ake ciki a k’asar nan a cikin gugar zana da nishad’i da amfani da wasu kalmomi da jumloli na musamman.

Hausar shafin makaranta dodorido, Hausa ce ta rukunin al’umma wadda ta bambanta da Hausar da saba ji ko yi, yau da kullum. Hausa ce wadda d’aliban makarantar da malaminsu da masu sha’awar shafin wad’an dake karanta shi yau da kullum kawai ne ke gane ta. A nan muna iya kallon Hausar shafin makaranta dodorido, a matsayin karin harshe na rukunin al’umma d’aya  wanda kuma ake iya gane siffofin shi, a misalan da za mu bayar na Hausar malamin da d’aliban makarantar da za mu fito da su a cikin aikin.

 

1.5 Hausar Shafin Makaranta Na Jaridar Aminiya

Hausar Shafin makaranta dodorido ta jaridar Aminiya, wata Hausa ce ta daban wadda kalmominta da jumlolinta suka bambanta da Hausar sauran rukunin al’umma. Hausar ta k’unshi fassara wasu kalmomi da jumloli da sunaye kai tsaye tare da k’irk’ira sababbin wasu kalmomi cikin hikima da fassara wani tunanin al’umma ta hanyar k’irk’ira ta annushuwa da gugar zana. Daga cikin irin nau’in wannan Hausa ta rukuni ne ake samun irin wad’annan k’irk’irarrun kalmomi da kuma jumloli kamar haka:

































































































































































































LambaHausar Shafin MakarantaMa’anarta
1.Direban AlliMalami
2.Zaman LumanaZaman lafiya
3.‘Yan makaranta‘Daliban makaranta dodorido
4.Watsattsakewa da bud’a wagegen littafiKaratu da rubutu
5.Taliyar indon-mamiIndomi
6.Giz-babaMalamin makarantar
7.‘Yayan kaji wad’an da ba a k’yank’yashe baK’wayak’wai
8.K’aramin laujeBiyu
9.Masu hannun rigaMahaukata
10.Yaron DakuJami’in tsaro
11.Haramta k’wambo da bobon bokokoBoko haram
12.‘Dan bayan kangoWanda ba d’an makaranta ba
13.Shud’ad’d’iyar shekaraShekarar bara
14.Haurobiyawa‘Yan Nijeriya
15.AnkararwaFad’akarwa
16.Mai-dukaAllah
17.Jihar Jijjiga ciyawaJihar Jigawa
18.Shugaba MainasaraShugaba Goodluck
19.‘Dan tallafin sud’in gambizaKud’ad’en rarar man fetur
20.‘Yan hannu baka hannu k’waryaTalakawa
21.‘Yan-sa-in-d’auka-ba-tare-da-na-ajiye-baBarayin gwamnati
22.‘Yan sa-mu-raba-da-shi‘Yan kazagin gwamnati
23.Tamola da k’afafun HaurobiyawaWasa da hankalin ‘Yan Nijeriya
24.Wasoson lalitaSatar kud’in asusun gwamnati
25.An yi walk’iya mun je ganoMun gane gaskiya
26.‘Yan Allah-ba-ku-mu-samu‘Yan barandar siyasa
27.Jatau mai-sa-in-saJonathan
28.Jan jinin HaurobiyawaSatar dukiyar ‘yan Nijeriya
29.BatuMagana
30.JatauJonathan
31.Jihar BarnawaBorno
32.Kwamin-titiKwamiti
33.Kiran sallah da usurAbin mamaki
34.Direban mashahuriya makarantaMalami
35.BijiroKawo
36.HaurobiyaNijeriya
37.Niyar-jariNijar

 

















































































































































































































































































38.Yaren hau-hau wajen hawan saHarshen Hausa
39.Bokan turai na makarantaMalamin makaranta
40.Yaren makarantaHausar shafin dodorido
41.Damk’a shiKai shi
42.Kurtun maganaWayar Gsm
43.Makaranta ta dodanniMakarantar dodorido
44.Saka-ka-tareSakatare
45.Bututun batutuwaMai magana da yawun wasu
46.Malam Dodo/Farfesa DodoMalamin makaranta
47.Wurin k’wadagoMa’aikata/Wurin aiki
48.HarubjaAbuja
49.ManjaManaja
50.Masu hawa saHausawa
51.Gwamnan DabawaGwamnan Kano
52.Uwar kowaGwamnati
53.‘Yan ca’bawa‘Yan aca’ba
54.Romon makarantaIlimi
55.Kwankwatsa-tsiya a birnin daboKwankwasiyya a Kano
56.‘Yan k’olaye‘Daliban makaranta
57.Walwalin waliyo a kan BaburaGudu a kan babura
58.BagasGara’basar dumokurad’iyya
59.Hana zaburar baburidoHana aca’ba
60.Na damoHak’uri
61.Na mujiyaIdanu
62.Saraf-na-sad’afSanusi Lamid’o
63.Walata Rud’aniWalter Rodney
64.Kwasar gagarumar jar miyaSata
65.FaskoGano
66.Jatau ya jona tantanin mulkinsaJonathan ya fara mulki
67.Dama-dama da kurd’a-kurd’ar siyasaHada-hadar siyasa
68.Shekara dubu k’aramin lauje da sili da k’aramin laujeShekara ta 2012
69.Zagaye da madambaci da zagaye da manuniyar k’asa, madambaci da madambaci da manuniyar k’asa da manuniyar sama k’aramin lauje da zagaye da manuniyar k’asa08098896209
70.Kwashi-kwarafSatar kud’in gwamnati
71.Kawun BararrajewaKawu Baraje
72.Baban-gada-gada mai burga da baragadaGwamna Babangida
73.Gwamna mai sunan sulallaGwamna Sule Lamid’o
74.Gwamna mai kwankwatsa-tsiya a birnin daboGwamna Kwankwaso
75.Kassara al’ummaWahalar da al’umma
76.Ba-haurobiye‘Dan Nijeriya
77.Jihar Ni-na-jaJihar Niger
78.Ku-zauna-a-zaureKazaure
79.Garin-ja-had’eGarin Had’eja
80.Jam’iyya mai d’an boto da sanda jirgeJam’iyyar PDP
81.Shekaru sili da k’ofar hanciShekaru 13
82.Arewatawa‘Yan Arewa
83.Kadadawa‘Yan kudu
84.Makarantar masu dangwala tawada a kurtu da zayyana a kan alloMakarantar almajirai
85.Masu laluben d’andago da d’an k’anzoAlmajirai
86.Hauren haskaka HaurobiyaKud’in wutar lantarki
87.Hauren-DanjaNiger Delta
88.Jan linzamin tsuntsayen samaTuk’in jigin sama
89.‘Yan dugwi-dugwiYara
90.Huta-faraKaratun Firamare
91.Babban kusuBarawo

 
































































































































92.Zagaye da kwanciyar magirbi da zagaye da manuniyar sama da kwanciyar magirbi da manuniyar k’asa tsayuwa bisa k’afa d’aya da kwanciyar magirbi da manuniyar k’asa da tsayuwa bisa k’afa d’aya da tsayuwa bisa k’afa d’aya07067947944
93.Loma-a-murd’eLamurde
94.In-gwangwaje-in-walaNgozi Iweala
95.Man tunkuzaMan fetur
96.Ru’ba’b’ben-abban-titiReuben Abati
97.Zage na ‘yan dambeZage damtse
98.Kwana manuniyar k’asaKwana tara (9)
99.Jihar mu-muka-fara-shariaJihar Zamfara
100.Kurtun baburidoBayan babaur
101.KekeridoKeke
102.Ranar da aka haifi ‘Danladi da ‘Yar ladidiyaRanar Lahadi
103.Mutum mai kallon alk’iblaMusulmi
104.Amintattar jaridaJaridar Aminiya
105.Tunanin gizo da k’ok’iK’arya
106.Wadatacciyar sallamaSallama
107.Masu bautar mahalicci siliMasu bautar Sarki d’aya
108.Gardawan makaranta‘Daliban makaranta
109.Dodo uban dodanniMalam Dodo
110.Romon makaranta/gishirin kyautata rayuwaIlimi
111.Dubannin gaisuwaDubun gaisuwa
112.Malam mai almajiraiMalam Dodo
113.Bayan kadaKaduna
114.Jaridar ‘Yar yauDaily Trust
115.Jaridar Turanci ta Gadin yanaJaridar Guardian
117.Fura mai kyauFiramare

 
































































































































118.Malam Nasara El-rusauMalam Nasiru El-Rufa’i
119.Gudun lokoBoyo
120.Batu na dokin k’arfeBatun gaskiya
121.Jihar BayasaJihar Bayelsa
122.JanatantinJonathan
123.GazdawaK’auyawa
124.Man tunkuza‘Danyen mai
125.Damin hauroKud’i
126.BaradeSojoji
127.K’arfe k’ofar hanci da k’ofar hanci da zagaye na yammaciK’arfe 3:30 na yamma
128.Baud’ad’d’en joji, Sissiliya, Gaulan JatauBode George, Cesiliya, Gulak
129.Waf-sayoyiWebsides
130.Mafuskantar alk’iblar kad’aita mahalicci da ibadaMasallaci
131.Makarantar dodo uban dodanniMakaranta dodorido
132.Ranar da aka haifi ‘DanlitiRanar litinin
133.Uwar jikiLafiya
134.Bututun batutuwan jatau mai-sa-in-saMai magana da yawun shugaban k’asa Jonathan
135.Shugaban masu d’amara da launin fad’uwar rana a saman rigaShugaban jami’an Civil Defence
136.Shak’ulatin ‘bangwaroRik’on sakainar kashi
137.Gidan Bokan TuraiMakaranta
138.Masu addinin ‘Dan AminaMusulmi
139.Jihar Tumbin GiwaKano
140.Sarki SiliSarki d’aya
141.Direban buzu da jan hanjin ligidi ana bugi dutsi kwasMalamin tsibbu mai jan tasbaha
142.Babban rumbun adana damin hauro na k’asar HaurobiyaBabban bankin Nijeriya

 




































































































































































































































































































































































































143.Garin MugurgusaGarin Gusau
144.Masu fuskantar alk’iblaMusulmi
145.Jar botoJar hula
146.Tudun ba cetoHalaka
147.Kurtun magana na Halo-AloTelfon
148.Jami’ar DodoridoMakaranta dodo
149.Na kuturuHak’uri
150.Abun da ya fi hauka rashin maganiJahilci
151.Ci-ba-dad’iWahalar da jama’a
152.Fasa balam-balamFasa bam
153.Dakarun burgaDakarun JTF
154.Santala K’waiduwaStella Odua
155.Dokar duniyaDokar hana fita (Curfew)
156.‘Yan hana murk’ushe gumin ‘Dan AdamMasu kare hak’k’in al’umma
157.Shekara dubu k’aramin lauje da sili da k’aramin lauje da sili da k’ofar hanciShekara ta 2013
158.Bututun ‘yan kwakwazo da baza na mujiyaKafafen watsa labarai na Rediyo da Talabijin
159.Bala-luraBala’i
160.‘Yan hana bokoko‘Yan book haram
161.Gwamnan asusun k’arfanfanaGwamnan babban bankin Nijeriya
162.Mina-mina a jihar Ni-na-jaHada-hada a jhar Niger
163.TsomomuwaMatsala
164.Jihar Alan-goguroJihar Borno
165.‘Dabi’ar kifi da kadaWanka
166.Kwana kwanciyar magirbiKwanaki bakwai (7)
167.Takalmin malam mantauMantuwa
168.Gagarumar gara’basar dama-dama da kurd’a-kurd’ar wasan Samson-siya-siyaGajiyar Siyasa
169.Garin ganoGanewa
170.Gusha-da-tsafBula Tsaf
171.InjinmiyaInjiniya
172.Yaren kuci-kuci-hutawaIndiyanci
173.Turkewa a sunnar ManzoAure
174.Birnin Zage-zageZaria
175.‘Dan ku-ci-ku-ba-muMai rok’o
176.Masu rod’i-rod’in tufaSojoji
177.Hannun zinari da k’afar gwalagwalaiMasu kud’i
178.Mulkin mulaka’uMulkin wahalar da al’umma
179.Shekara dubu k’aramin lauje da kwanciyar magirbiShekara ta 2007
180.Sa’bi zarce na kusuSata
181.Wasan Samson-siya-siyaSiyasa
182.Unguwar zomoUzoamaka
183.Masu d’amara da d’an taku da kulki‘Yansanda
184.K’auraCanza wuri
185.Laluban na kokoNeman abinci
186.Hausam-faShiyar Hausawa
187.Gwarawan-faGwarimpa
188.‘Dund’ume k’ururuCin abinci
189.LikimoKwana
190.Karatun wasik’ar jakin dawa na da birniK’aryar shugabanni ga talakawa
191.Masu aika-aika‘Yan ta’adda
192.Kuturun hasasheTunanin banza
193.Ranar da aka haifi ‘Danladi da Ladi k’aramin lauje da tsayuwa bisa k’afa d’ayaRanar Lahadi 24 ga wata
194.Rana ta k’aramin lauje da k’aramin lauje ga watan janye-wuri na shekara ta dubu k’aramin lauje da sili da k’ofar hanci22-01-2013
195.Zagaye da madambaci da sili da manuniyar sama da sili da manuniyar k’asa da tsayuwa bisa k’afa d’aya da manuniyar sama da babban lauje da sili da babban lauje08161946515
196.Kamfanin cefanar da labaraiKamfanin dillancin labarai
197.Makon da ya arceMakon da ya gabata
198.‘Doki-d’oraTsarin za’ben Nijeriya
199.Mai martaba babban mutum mai rawaniSarki
200.DirsheTsaya
201.Garin dama-tumatur a jihar Yawon-bebeDamaturu a jihar Yobe
202.Kar’bar na kokoKar’bar cin hanci
203.Mutum k’aramin laujeTalaka
204.K’arfe k’ofar hanci da rabiK’arfe 3:30
205.Sana’ar zabarin baburidoAca’ba
206.Kumbon-tsotsoKumbotso
207.Taron-rauniTarauni
208.K’urk’uridoA daidaita sahu
209.Damo-da-kura-da-d’iyaDumokurad’iyya
210.Malala gashin tunkiya da ‘yan matsabbaiDa yawa
211.Gandun aika-aikaGanduje
212.Hauro dubu d’ari babban laujeNaira dubu d’ari biyar
213.Damin hauro sili da zagaye da zagaye da zagayeNaira dubu goma
214.Babban lauje da zagaye da k’aramin lauje da zagaye da sili zagaye da babban lauje5020105
215.K’asashen da ja’ba da gafiya da kusu ke wandak’aK’as ashen da ake satar dukiyar al’umma
216.Takardun k’wadagoTakardun d’aukar aiki
217.K’wadagon hana bak’in haure shige da ficeImmigration
218.TagadazAgadaz
219.Jihar ‘Dakin karaJihar Katsina

 
































































































































220.Masu hawa saHausawa
221.Yaren MakarantaHausa
222.Masu zama bisa buzuMalaman tsibbu
223.Gidan malam TunauMakaranta
224.Gwamnan DabawaGwamnan Kano
225.Garin da ake sa daraKano
226.AngwanceAure
227.Gidan gaskiyaHanya
228.Wa-zai-zo-ya-biyaWazobiya
229.SumulK’alau
230.K’aramin lauje da tsayuwa bisa k’afa d’aya24
231.‘Yan mai tako’inaMasu hali
232.Adon gariMata
233.Ta idoKunya
234.Halin amaleHandama
235.GobaraLantarki
236.In da masu yaen hau-hau wurin hawan sa suke zauneMazaunin Hausawa
237.Wuri siliWuri d’aya
238.Elin-zubarElizabeth
239.Farcen susaBabu dama
240.Masu k’ask’antar da kai wajen gagara misaliMasu ibada
241.Ta jikiShawara
242.SintirtirSintiri
243.Rana ta k’aramin lauje da manuniyar k’asa ga watan mayun shekara ta dubu k’aramin lauje da sili da k’aramin lauje da sili da k’aramin lauje29 ga watan Mayun 2012
244.Hauro tiren taliya madambaci da gashin balama sili da zagaye da zagayeKud’i tiriliyon takwas da biliyan d’ari

 

 
















































































































































































































245.Tunar kilshiHarakokin duniya
246.Gaisuwa irin ta masu addinin ‘Dan AminaSallama
247.Baba mangaBamanga
248.Tada kan addaTa’addanci
249.Jami’an asusun ilimiShugabannin K’ungiyar ASUU
250.Kamfanin dumdumdurundumKamfanin bayar da wutar lantarki
251.Batu na ingarmar k’arfeGaskiya
252.Ranar ‘yancin raniRanar tunawa da samun ‘yanci
253.Baba OjoObasanjo
254.Shugaba ‘Yar bishiyaShugaba ‘Yar adua
255.Zaman-takewaCutarwa
256.Watan Noman-babaWatan Nuwamba
257.Doguwar dabbaRak’umi
258.Watan-dashen-babaWatan Disemba
259.Turken rayuwaAure
260.CefanarSayar
261.Masanin sisi-da-sisiGwamnan babban bankin Nijeriya
262.Zari-rugaSatar kud’in gwamnati a ‘boye
263.Ma’aikatar kula da sufurin tsuntsayen samaMa’aikat kula da jiragen sama
264.Mai gonaki otawaObasanjo
265.Mace da zaneMinistar kud’i Ngozi Iweala
266.LalitaAsusun ajiya (Accaunt)
267.Tayar-ladan, Malalen-suya, Indon-isiyaThailand, Maleysia, Indonisia
268.Niyar-jari, Zaman-gidan-buwaiNiger, Zimbabwe
269.Damisoshin AsiyaK’asashen Asia
270.Za’bi-sonkaZa’be
271.Dama-dama-da-kurd’a-kurd’ar wasan Samson-siya-siyaSiyasa
272.Samartakar kusuSatar dukiyar gwamnati
273.Uban-mamaObama
274.Amari-kowaAmurika
275.Dalilin-taronsuJaridar Daily Trust
276.Faffale-daliliJaridar Peoples Daily
277.Balon-farantiJaridar Blue Print
278.Gadin-yanaJaridar Guardian
279.Banda-da-gadiJaridar Vanguard
280.Shugaba mai Gudun-lokoShugaba Goodluck
281.Uwargida Damo-hak’uriUwargida Patient
282.Jami’an tsoratarwaJami’an tsaro na had’in gwiwa
289.Ra’ba’basRivers
300.Mai d’an taku da kulki‘Dan sanda
301.Tonon-AniniTony Anini

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.5.1 Matanin Wasu Labaran Shafin Makaranta

A wannan ‘bangare zan kawo wasu labarai da na tsakuro daga wasu shafukan ‘Makaranta Dodorido’ da ke cikin jaridar Aminiya domin ganin yadda sigar Hausar shafin take.

‘Yar makaranta ki rik’a d’umama d’umame da d’umi-d’umi

‘Bayan gaisuwa da fatar alheri ga babban direban alli na wannan makaranta da sauran d’alibai, zan taya abokiyar watsattsakewa da bud’a wagegen littafi a wannan makaranta, wacce ta angwance da yaron Giz-baba da fatan Allah ya ba su zaman lumana, kuma muna so ki nuna masa irin horon da kika samu a hannun malam wajen d’und’uma d’umame da d’umi-d’umi da kuma dafa taliyar indon-mami da ‘ya’yan kaji wad’an da ba a  k’yank’yashe ba’. Aminiya 2012, Febrairu, shafi na 14.

                                               Hausam-fa ko Gwarawan-fa?

‘A shekara ta dubu k’aramin lauje da kwanciyar magirbi kamfanin buga Amintattun jaridu k’asar Haurobiya ya yi k’aura daga unguwar Mawanawasa kan layin zaratan Zambiya zuwa garin Tako-tako, inda aka gina mana d’akin katako, mu kuwa muke laluben na koko a ciki. Tun daga waccan shekarar zuwa yau nike ta neman inda Hausam-fa take, domin na san a Harubja da akwai rukunin matsugunnin al’umma mai lak’abin ‘Gwarawan-fa’. Don haka nike ta neman ina Hausawam-fa take, ko kuma rukunin matsugunnin al’umma da aka gina a wannan katafaren birnin inda masu magana da yaren Hau-Hau wajen hawan sa ba tare da sa-in-sa suke bararraje’. Aminiya, 2012, Satumba, shafi 14.

                                                    Kada a rungumi k’adandoniya

‘Assalamu alaikum d’aliban wannan makaranta ta mu mai albarka ta Dodorido da ke farfajiyar jarida, sanin kowa ne a rayuwa kar’bar abu mai kyau ko maras kyau shi aka fi so ga mutum mai kallon alk’ibla, amma a wannan lokaci jama’a sun shiga rud’ani na rayuwa da kallon abin duniya da yin tunanin gizo da k’ok’i, yawancin mutane zuciyar su ta k’ok’e kamar k’ok’iya maza da mata suna tafiya ba kai ba gindi a harkar zamantakewa, kasuwanci da ma sauran al’amurran yau da kullum dab a a faye d’aukar k’addara ba. Kaico duniya rawar ‘yanmata na gaba ya koma baya. Hattara al’umma mu rik’a d’aukar kaddara idan mun k’i kuwa mu rungumi k’adandoniya’.

Daga: ‘Dalibar makarantar Tumbin giwa Jamila Ishak (Atinen Ziko) ta garinsu Munyi-jibir, kurtun mangana: zagaye da kwanciyar magirbi da zagaye da manuniyar sama da kwanciyar magirbi da manuniyar k’asa da tsayuwa bisa k’afa d’aya da kwanciyar magirbi da manuniyar k’asa da tsayuwa bisa k’afa d’aya da tsayuwa bisa k’afa d’aya da tsayuwa bisa k’afa d’aya’. Aminiya, 2013, Afrilu, shafi 14.

https://www.amsoshi.com/2017/09/30/nazarin-takaitawa-sakon-gsm/

1.6 Kammalawa


Wannan mak’ala mai taken ‘Karin Harshe na Rukuni: Nazarin Hausar Shafin Makaranta Na Jaridar Aminiya’ ta yi nazari a kan Hausar shafin Makaranta na jaridar Aminiya a matsayin wani nau’in karin harshe na rukuni a Hausa, wanda ya danganci wasu rukunin al’umma da suka had’u a sigar makaranta, wadda ke da malami da d’alibai. Shafin kamar yadda muka bayyana a baya ya kan fito ne, ku san kowane mako a jaridar Hausa ta Aminiya kuma ya kan tattauna al’amurran yau da kullum da suke faruwa a cikin al’umma a k’asar nan cikin nau’in wata Hausa ta daban.

Wannan Hausar kamar yadda misalan da muka bayar suka gabata, Hausa ce ta daban wadda ta ke’banta ga malami da d’aliban makarantar kawai kuma tana tafiya ne ta sigar Hausantar da kalmomi da fassara wasu tare da amfani da ayyukan wasu mutane ko takensu maimaikon sunayensu. Bugu da k’ari ana kuma k’irk’iro wasu jumloli da sassan jumlolin Hausa. Shafin musamman yana da tsarin da yake bi wajen bayyana lambobi, wanda sai k’wararre a irin wannan Hausar ne zai iya fahmitarsu. A tunani na, wannan Hausa idan aka k’ara zurfafa bincike a kanta da wasu makamantanta za ta taimaka wajen samar da nau’in wani harshe na daban wanda zai iya taimakawa wajen sadarwa a ke’ba’b’bun wurare, musamman wajen inganta sadarwa ta wasu ma’aikata na musamman ko kuma wurin ayyukan jami’an tsaro a k’asar nan. Haka ma Hausar tana iya haifar da wani karin harshe babba, wanda za a iya fad’ad’a bincike a kansa.

Akwai buk’atar a yi amfani da basira da k’warewar mutane masu irin wannan baiwar k’irk’ira a harshe domin ha’baka harshen da duban yadda za su bayar da gudummuwa ga ci gaban al’umma da k’asa baki d’aya. Wannan bincike ya nuna muna cewa harshen Hausa yana iya bunk’asa ta irin wannan hanya har a kai ya haifar da wani harshe a cikin al’umma, idan aka baiwa irin wad’annan mutane masu baiwa ta harshe goyon baya da taimakon da ya dace.

 

 

 

 

 

Manazarta


 

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Amfani, A.H. (1980). ‘Nazari kan bambance-bambance Tsakanin Zazzaganci da Daidaitacciyar   Hausa ta fuskar Furuci da Fuskar K’irar Kalmomi da K’irar Jumla da Kalmomi Masu          Ma’ana ‘Daya da Nahawu’. Kundin Digirin Farko. Jami’ar Ahmadu Bello, Zaria.

 

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Aminiya, Kundi na 6 fitowa ta 43 (Juma’a 13 zuwa 19, Ga Afrilu 2012). Makaranta. Shafi na 14.             Abuja: Media Trust Limited.

 

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Aminiya, Kundi na 7 fitowa ta 42 (Juma’a 22 zuwa 38, Ga Maris 2013). Makaranta. Shafi na 14.             Abuja: Media Trust Limited.

 

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Aminiya, Kundi na 8 fitowa ta 30 (Juma’a 20 zuwa 26, Ga Disemba 2013). Makaranta. Shafi na 14. Abuja: Media Trust Limited.

 

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