Tuwon Shinkafa, Tuwon Alkama, Tuwon Acca

Tuwon Shinkafa

A ƙarƙashin 5.9 da ke babi na biyar an kawo bayani game da tuwon shinkafa. Yadda ake sarrafa shinkafa a gargajiyance ya bambanta da yadda abin yake a zamani. Gumi ko sussukar shinkafa da ake yi a zamanance ya sa shinkafar zamani ta fi tsafta da kyan gani sama da ta gargajiya.Dalili kuwa shi ne, an samu kayayakin zamani da ake amfani da su wajen sarrafawa. Takan kasance mai haske da tsawo tare da tsafta. A ɓangaren tuwo kuwa, ɗan bambanci da ake samu bai fi a wajen kayayakin da ake amfani da su ba. A zamanance, akan sanya manyagyaɗa a wajen kwasar tuwon. Bayan haka, ana iya naɗewa a leda.

Tuwon Alkama

i. Alkama

ii. Ruwa

Yadda ake tuwon alkama kusan ɗaya yake da na gero. Sai dai wani lokaci akan yi talge guda biyu a tuwon alkama. Sannan akan ma iya sanya ta ba tare da talge ba. Wato a tuƙa haka nan bayan ruwa ya tafasa. Nau’i ne na tuwo da ke da ƙara lafiya ga jikin ɗan Adam. Wannan ne ma ya ake shawartar marasa lafiya da tsofi su riƙa cin wannan tuwo.

Tuwon Acca

i. Acca

ii. Ruwa

Tuwon acca ya fi kama da na shinkafa. Ana iya tuƙa tuwon ba tare da an kai niƙa ba, kamar dai yadda ake na shinkafa. Sai dai idan aka kai niƙa ɗin ma ba laifi. Bayan ruwa ya tafasa, haka ake sanya ta domin ta dafu sosai kafin a tuƙa. Ana cin wannan tuwo da nau’o’in miya daban-daban. 

The book “Cimakar Bahaushe” (Diets of the Hausa People) is a collection of 293 traditional and modern diets of the Hausa people. Detailed explanations of the recipes and ingredients are provided. Comments are provided on the areas of the Hausa land where specific diets are mostly found, the age categories of people that usually use it, as well as the scientific impact of some of the diets to human biology.  Data is collected from interviews with different categories of people including:  i.                    Food sellers within the Hausa land: Mainly to have an idea of recipes on the diets.  ii.                  People of older age: Mainly to have insights on traditional diets of the Hausas.  iii.               Hausa scholars: Mainly to verify and justify the validity of the information obtained as well as provide further expert explanations on the diets.  Moreover, over two hundred (200) pieces of literature were reviewed to have better insight on the topic in question as well as get scientific and professional clarifications on some key concepts relevant to the research. The pieces of literature cover major relevant phenomena such as diet and hunger. Others are on the Hausa land and the Hausas.  The book contains thirty-three (33) chapters. Chapter one is the main introduction in which a concise explanation is provided on the Hausas, their history, their land, social life, and transformations due to globalization, acculturation, and modernity. Chapter two detailly discusses the concepts of diet and food from the Hausa point of view. That includes the meaning and the usage of diets in some Hausa works of literature both verbal and written (i.e. prose, poetry, proverbs, etc.).  Chapters three and four discuss the sources of Hausa diets and their forms accordingly. Chapters five to seventeen discuss some traditional Hausa diets including hard and soft ones. Chapter eighteen concentrates on the influence of modernity and globalization on Hausa diets. It has been discovered that there have been some significant changes in the Hausa diets ranging from recipes to kitchenettes.  Chapters nineteen to thirty-two discuss modern Hausa diets. Some traditional diets are still retained with little modifications, while on the other hand, there are a lot of new ones. Chapter thirty-three discusses “hunger” from the Hausa point of view. The relationship between hunger and food is examined. Additionally, the use of hunger in various Hausa literary works is studied. It is concluded that hunger is like a disease whereby its cure is food.  7th November 2022
Citation (Manazartar Littafin): Sani, A-U. & Umar, H.A. (2022). Cimakar Hausawa. Kano: WT Press. ISBN: 978-978-984-562-9.

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