Is Iblis An Angel?


Is Iblis (may Allah curse him) an angel or from other than them? And if he is from other than them, what is the type of seclusion in Allah’s Words: "So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. Except Iblis (Satan),..." [15:30-31]


It should be known that the angels are creatures of Allah. He created them from light, they never disobey Him, and do as He says. ‘As for Iblis (Satan), Allah mentioned that he was amongst the Jinn, Allah Says

وَاِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلٰۤٮِٕكَةِ اسْجُدُوْا لِاٰدَمَ فَسَجَدُوْۤا اِلَّاۤ اِبْلِيْسَۗ كَانَ مِنَ الْجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنْ اَمْرِ رَبِّهٖۗ

 "And (remember) when We said to the angels; "Prostrate to Adam." So they prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord..." [Surah: Al-Kahf, Ayat: 50]

Allah mentions in the Qur’ an what Iblis said He commanded him to prostrate himself to Adam. He said

قَالَ اَنَاۡ خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُۗ خَلَقْتَنِىْ مِنْ نَّارٍ وَّخَلَقْتَهٗ مِنْ طِيْنٍ

 "[Iblis (Satan)] said: "I am better than he, You created me from fire, and You created him from clay." [Surah: Saad, Ayat: 76]

As for the type of seclusion, in His Words

Surah: Al-Hijr, Ayat: 30

فَسَجَدَ الْمَلٰۤٮِٕكَةُ كُلُّهُمْ اَجْمَعُوْنَۙ ٠٣۝ اِلَّاۤ اِبْلِيْسَۗ ...

 ""So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. Except Iblis (Satan),..." [Surah: Al-Hijr, Ayat: 30-31]

It is a separate seclusion, as one may say: “Everyone came except for a donkey.” There are some people of knowledge who say Iblis, (may Allah curse him) is an angel, except that he disobeyed Allah, the Exalted, and insisted on being disobedient. Iblis deserved the curse of Allah till the Day of Requital.

[Fataawaa Islamiyah, Vol 1, Page no.96-97]

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