Can I Fast On Behalf Of My Sick Mother Or Feed The Poor On Her Behalf?


If a woman has an illness and loses her cognizance faculties and thus breaks her fast for seven months of Ramadan without feeding the poor, she recovers and can fast (after the seven years), is it permissible for her son to fast on her behalf? Or should she fast even though it could affect her health in the future, as she has a nervous system disease? Is it permissible to feed the poor on her behalf instead?


If she has not fasted due to her losing her cognizance faculties, then she does not have to make up any fast. This is because the legislation has exempted her from fasting for the period she lost her sense of cognizance based on the narration of the Prophet ():

The pen has been lifted for three (types of people)...”

From those he () mentioned was:

...the one who has lost his mind (is exempt) until he regains his senses.”

(At-Tirmidhī, 1423; al-Musnad, 1/140; and ibn Khuzaymah, 1003)

So, the one who is devoid of her senses due to any kind of illness is under the same ruling as the one who has lost her mind. She is not accountable for acts of worship.

However, if she (the mother) does not fast due to an illness, whilst her faculties of thinking are intact and sound, then it is incumbent upon her to make up those fasting days once she has recovered. She does this according to her ability, even if it is done on various days of the week or months. If it is the case that she succumbs to her illness and dies, no compensation needs to be done on her behalf.

On the other hand, whilst she is alive, it is impermissible for anyone to fast on her behalf.

May Allaah () grant us all prosperity and reward you with good for taking care of your mother and her affairs.








ﺳُﺒﺤَﺎﻧَﻚَ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻬُﻢَّ ﻭَﺑِﺤَﻤْﺪِﻙَ ﺃﺷْﻬَﺪُ ﺃﻥ ﻟَﺎ ﺇِﻟَﻪَ ﺇِﻻَّ ﺃﻧْﺖَ ﺃﺳْﺘَﻐْﻔِﺮُﻙَ ﻭﺃَﺗُﻮﺏُ ﺇِﻟَﻴْﻚ


This text is one of the many fatwa (answers to questions based on authentic Islamic provisions) that are made available by Malam Khamis Yusuf. You can follow him on Facebook, Telegram, and WhatsApp.

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